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  1. As most of my family appear to have lived around what is now Upperthorpe, Netherthorpe, through to the town centre along Solly Street and Townhead Street, I was hoping to find Coalpit Lane near there as I have a branch of my family living there. I know roads ‘disappear’ over time and wondered which map I should look at to see if there ever existed Coalpit Lane in this area. Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated. Thanks
  2. Well spotted, I missed the sign, so perhaps not a very temporary thing like site entrance. I am sure the name of the arcade is related to Cambridge Street (previously Coal Pit Lane) but have never seen any evidence of an earlier road just where the arcade was. Pinstone Street as we know it didn't appear until after 1880 and I think the arcade was built soon after that. Up to 1960 Cambridge Street lined up just about directly with the top of the Moorhead triangle that surrounded the Crimea Monument and I may be wrong but think the addresses on that bit were Moorhead. This photo' from an earlier post probably explains better what I mean ---------------- https://www.sheffieldhistory.co.uk/forums/topic/16570-a-birds-eye-view-of-old-sheffield/?tab=comments#comment-139917 ------------------ and this other early post has some good information about the general area --------------------- https://www.sheffieldhistory.co.uk/forums/topic/15327-68-pinstone-street-in-1881/?tab=comments#comment-131019
  3. There are many posts on this very site mentioning Coal Pit Lane and containing probably more information in one place than you will find anywhere else EllisSearcher . Here is a link to search results I have just done, I hope you find something useful in that lot --------- https://www.sheffieldhistory.co.uk/forums/search/?q="coal pit lane"&sortby=relevancy
  4. Coal Pit Lane became Cambridge Street
  5. This article appeared in the 1884 Sheffield & Rotherham Independent. It trace`s the route taken by yourself along Cambridge Street or as it was in earlier times Coal Pit Lane.
  6. I can't find if this has been discussed before. Coal Pit Lane, now Cambridge Street. Presumably it was called Coal Pit Lane for a reason (although the 1771 Fairbanks plan gives the alternative Cow Pit Lane). So, where was the coal pit?
  7. Looking at the Chequers or Old Cow (Beerhouse) posting, I think that these are two different places. White's 1833 directory has: Jane Alsop, vict. Chequers, 43 Coalpit Lane John Renwick, Old Cow beerhouse, 64 Coalpit Lane The 1837 directory also has: Jane Alsop, vict. Chequers, 43 Coalpit Lane John Renwick, beerhouse, 64 Coalpit Lane But then, Robson's 1839 directory has: A. Alsop, Beer Retailer, 64 Coalpit Lane Jno. Renwick, pen & pocket knife manufacturer & beer retailer, 12 Coalpit Lane It looks that Coalpit Lane was renumbered between 1837 and 1839; #43 became #64, and #64 became #12
  8. Picking this post by Gramps and dropping a copy here. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Original post The Sportsman was next door to Leah's Yard in 1850 and there were several other pubs on Coalpit lane, - the Union on the corner with Diivision street, the Yellow Lion, Wellington Tavern, Barley Corn Tavern, Red Lion, and the Chequers Inn. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The Sportsman was next door to Leah's Yard in 1850; Sportsmans was standing/occupied in 1833 There were several other pubs on Coalpit Lane, - The Union (occupied in 1818-20 period) on the corner with Division street (this site would later become the Albert; notice the different orientation of the Union on the map, and the Albert which went down Cambridge Street). RSVP occupies the corner of Cambridge Street/Division Street according to PictureSheffield. The Yellow Lion, 1 Coal Pit Lane (became the Cambridge Arms from 1871 onwards), Wellington Tavern (aka the Duke of Wellington) occupied from at least 1820, Barley Corn Tavern (Corner House/Henry's), Red Lion (1822), and the Chequers Inn, also known as the Old Cow; occupied from 1820 onwards. In addition : Brushmakers Arms/Brickmakers Arms/Stationers Arms from 1818-1829, Stationers Arms, Peter Daws 1818-20, 1821 and 1822. Brickmakers Arms , J Loy in 1825. Cutler 32-34 Cambridge Street (no names or dates) Dog and Partridge/Nell's Bar Tenuous but ... Parrot 9 Button Lane/9 Moor Head/Foot of Coalpit Lane) Barcentro (1999) Weatherspoon 12-18 Cambridge Street (1999) and ... Victuallers from 1787 : James Beard Samuel Fowler John Hague James Holt Widow Jeeves Benjamin Mappin and Margaret Teasdale Nice map BTW
  9. http://history.youle.info/images/coal_pit_lane.jpg
  10. THE FAIRBANKS OF SHEFFIELD From early in the 18th century, there was no name better known in Sheffield than Fairbank; and although the family seems to have left the town nearly a hundred years ago, the name is yet known to Sheffield antiquaries, lawyers and surveyors, through what has for many years been called The Fairbank Collection, which consists of thousands of maps, plans, sections, elevations, surveys, field-books, letters, diaries, account-books, office-drafts and papers; left, at the death of William Fairbank Fairbank in 1848, for disposal by his executors. In tracing the descent of the Sheffield branch of the Fairbank family, we shall also make clear the origin and devolution of The Fairbank Collection, which passed into the safe keeping of Mr Reginald D. Bennett, surveyor of Sheffield, on the death of his predecessor in business, the late Mr Alfred Smith Denton, in 1927. In The Fairbank Collection, we find much Sheffield history, extending for about a hundred and fifty years from Queen Anne to Queen Victoria, written not in words but in maps; and this form of local history brings into prominence many topographical facts and interesting events, which are not to be found elsewhere. Such a comprehensive collection of cartographic material, available for the history of a circumscribed area and period, is probably unique; and it invites the fullest examination. The four generations of Fairbank, shown in the above pedigree, were the men who brought the collection into existence, and at the same time made their name famous in the 18th and 19th centuries, first in Sheffield and later throughout England. William at the head of the pedigree, his son, grandsons and great-grandson surveyed the whole of Sheffield and many miles round, together with other landed estates in neighbouring and also distant counties. The work of surveying innumerable small holdings in Sheffield extended over many years; and was undertaken for private landowners and public bodies at a time when little, if any, land surveying had been attempted in the district; and it is evident that the land owners in and around Sheffield gladly availed themselves of the opportunity provided by the coming of the Fairbanks, to have their lands surveyed for the first time. The surveys of Sheffield properties, made prior to 1771, were so numerous and comprehensive that they enabled the second William Fairbank to publish a street-map in 1771, which he revised, and extended in 1797; and, as the town expanded in every direction, a third street map of Sheffield was published in 1808 by the brothers William and Josiah. These three maps are full of interest, they are yet in use and for many purposes are constantly referred to; they were prepared from exact measurements, taken mostly by the second William and his son Josiah. These outlined dimensions with notes and dates were sketched in field-books carried in the pocket; and all measurements were entered with great accuracy, when working on the land. The field books were paper covered pocket books, which they sometimes called Dimension Books; but more usually Field-Books. A half-tone illustration of one of these Field-Books is here reproduced. Nearly three hundred of these Field Books, containing, several thousand separate surveys, now form part of The Fairbank Collection. In some of the earlier field-books the buildings are shown in what was then a new method of drawing, called isometrical projection, by which the elevation and ground-plan of a building are represented in one view. Another series of note-books, extending from 1752 to 1800, contains full particulars of' buildings, either erected or altered by a Fairbank ; these building-books are full of interesting detail as to the cost of work by masons, carpenters; slaters, glaziers, painters, decorators and others; this series also contains many plans, sections and elevations of buildings in Sheffield and the outlying district. FROM WESTMORLAND TO YORKSHIRE. The earliest record of the Fairbank family is to be found in the will of Richard Fayrbank of Heptonstall near Halifax, dated the 20th August 1517. He was born at Kendal in Westmorland about 1470, and his wife was Alice daughter of John Colcroft, a member of a well known Yorkshire family. Richard, by his will, left a sum of iii s. iv d. to his `Fader at Kendall ; and he directed An Order to be said at the chapel in Kendal, where he was born. This makes it clear that, the family, whose name is variously spelt but for convenience throughout these notes is referred to as Fairbank, came from Westmorland shortly before 1517 and settled in and around Halifax in Yorkshire, where records of the family are to be found, covering two centuries or more. From the Halifax stock many branches spread far afield, some reaching Sheffield in the second half of the 16th century, when we find a Robert Fairbank of Sheffield. In his will, dated the 23rd September, 1585, he is described as of Sheffield in the county of York draper; and he expressed a wish to be buried in the parish church there. He left v s. to the poor man's box in the church and amongst the legacies was iii l. vi s. viii d. to his apprentice Mark Fairbank; x s. for his godson George Fairbank and one black doublet for John son of George Fairbank. His two brothers-in-law, Henry and Lawrence Hall, were legatees; and another apprentice John Vicars was to receive iii s. iv d.; the residue of his estate he left to his wife Alice, who proved his will at York on the 5th November 1585. He was buried on the 1st October 1585 at Sheffield parish church, as appears from the Sheffield parish register. If, in accordance with his wish, he was buried inside the church, some monumental inscription might have now existed; but no trace of such inscription can be found. As he had two brothers-in-law named Hall, his wife presumably was Alice Hall; and there is some trace of two Lawrence Halls, father and son, living at Fulwood about that time. It will be seen that in Robert Fairbank's will, there is no reference to a son or daughter, and we must assume that no children survived him; but from the Sheffield parish register it appears that he buried a daughter Alice on the 15th October 1579. That being so, William at the head of the pedigree was not descended from Robert the draper and we must look elsewhere for his ancestors. As disclosed by the will, there were other Fairbanks living in Sheffield during Robert's lifetime and an examination of the Sheffield parish register, from its commencement in 1560 to 1700, only discloses two Fairbanks in addition to those already mentioned; namely, 1574-5 January lst Elizabeth Fayrebanckes (sic) buried; and 1589 August 18th George Hawe married Alice Fayrebanckes (sic). Of Elizabeth nothing is known, but Alice who married George Hawe may have been the widow of Robert the draper. In 1566 Robert Fairbank paid a fee-farm rent of three pence for church-land in Sheffield, due to the lord of the manor; and in 1569 there was a Sheffield assessment `for makynge of soulders' as follows, xx s. for the equipment of Robert Fairbank. In 1668 the Society of Friends was founded in London and in later years the Sheffield Fairbanks joined or formed a local branch. From that time we find no more records of the family in the register of the parish church, as the Friends kept their own records of births marriages and deaths; and those of the Sheffield branch begin at too late a date to throw any light on the family connexion between the first William Fairbank the schoolmaster and the Sheffield Fairbanks of the 16th century. Perhaps, however, sufficient has been said to show that the Fairbanks of Sheffield were descended from the 15th century Westmorland stock and that they first settled around Halifax and then moved south to Sheffield and elsewhere. AMERICA. One group of the Halifax branch, before the days of William the Sheffield schoolmaster, left England for America, where the name Fairbank is yet known and honoured; the tradition being, that two brothers Richard and Jonathan Fairbank, of Sowerby near Halifax York¬shire, with their wives Elizabeth and Grace sailed for Boston Massachusetts U.S.A. in the `Griffin' and landed there in 1633. Richard soon identified himself with public affairs in Boston and held many important public offices in the town; he was a member of the Ancient and Honourable Artillery Company and was the first Postmaster of the Colony. His house in Boston was the post office and he served the Colony well until 1667 when he died, his two children having predeceased him; his brother Jonathan, after prospecting around Boston for three years, settled in 1636 with his wife and six children at Dedham, about ten miles south-west of Boston. We are told that Jonathan was possessed of ample means and that he brought with him from England the frame of a house, the timbers of which lay for three years in Boston, until he found a settlement at Dedham. There, he obtained the grant of a twelve-acre plot of land and on it built his house, to which he added more land in later years. He and his family lived in this house until 1648 when he enlarged it to meet the requirements of his family; and this old frame-house with all its extensions, after the lapse of nearly three centuries, yet stands. It is now known as Ye Olde Fayerbanke House and is said to be the oldest existing frame-house in the United States. It was occupied by the descendants of Jonathan until 1903 or shortly after, when Miss Rebecca Fairbank left it and removed to Boston, the old house being purchased by the Fairbank Family Association, a trust formed for the purpose of preserving it for all time, as a place of historic and antiquarian interest. It is visited every year by thousands of tourists and travellers, who come from all parts of the world. An illustrated pamphlet of thirty pages is published for the use of visitors; and this shows the out side of the house from many points of view, both in summer and winter; also the living-room, a bedroom and kitchens, each containing its old furniture; with spinning- wheels, rocking-chairs, trundle-beds, gate-legged tables; warmingpans, pewter dishes and cider-press. An inventory of the goods of Jonathan Fairbank is printed in full; also a copy of his will, dated 1668, ,and a copy of the will of his kinsman and benefactor George Fairbank of Sowerby in Yorkshire clothier, dated 1650. The frontispiece reproduces a picture of President and Mrs. Henry Irving Fairbank in picturesque costume of the period; they are described as of ‘The Ninth Generation of the Fayerbanke family.’ Perhaps now that Ye Olde Fayerbanke House is open to the public, Sheffield visitors to Boston will be tempted to make the short journey to Dedham, to see what was for nearly three hundred years the home of the American branch of a family, once so well known in Sheffield. THE FIRST WILLIAM FAIRBANK. We must now examine, in some detail, the history of the four generations of Fairbank who lived in Sheffield from the close of the 17th century to about 1850. The earliest record of the first William, the schoolmaster and land-surveyor, is his signature on the inside cover of A Record Book of the Society of Friends in Sheffield, bearing date 1723. It is below a motto in both Greek and Latin, which betrays the schoolmaster and shows that he had joined the Quakers in Sheffield before 1723. The next mention of this William is in 1725, when he gave formal notice to the Sheffield branch of the Society of Friends of his intention to marry Emma Broadhead, the widow of William Broadhead deceased and the daughter of John Clark of Swinton near Rotherham; the marriage taking place on the 9th December 1725, at the Friends' Meeting House in Sheffield. In 1733 he was appointed by the Sheffield branch to represent it, at a meeting of the Balby branch near Doncaster; and in the same year, for conscientious reasons, he refused to pay tithe; and his goods were distrained. His ledgers and account-books show that many Sheffield boys and girls attended his school from 1753 or earlier to 1773. One book, marked `School Wages', contains the names of hundreds of scholars and their parents, which include, Aldam, Barlow, Barnard, Bennett, Binney, Bright, Broadbent, Brownell, Cadman, Chorley, Dale, Doncaster, Eyre, Fenton, Firth, Girdler, Goddard, Hall, Hallam, Heathcott, Holy, Ibberson, Marsh, Newbould, Nodder, Palfreeman, Rawson, Roberts, Roebuck, Rotherham, Skelton, Swallow, Trickett, IJnwin, Vickers, Withers, Woolhouse, Worrall and Wreaks, with many interesting details. There is, however, nothing to indicate in what part of Sheffield the school was, nor is there any information from other sources which enables us to fix its site with any certainty. A possible clue may be gathered from the fact that the first William paid 'a guinea a year for a field at White House' in, Bramall Lane, about a hundreds yards north of Sheaf House; also twenty shillings for a stable. As he would rent the stable for his horse, it seems probable that this stable would not be far from his house; for in those days he would be dependent on his saddle-horse for getting to distant points, where he was surveying. Only a few maps and plans in The Fairbank Collection can be attributed to the first William, and these are on parchment, being dated between 1737 and 1750. If few maps in the collection can be credited to him, it must not be assumed that his output of work as a surveyor was small, on the contrary his day-books show a splendid record of surveying both in Sheffield and at a distance. He had a son, also called William, and two daughters; he died on the 5th December 1759 as the result of an accident, the circumstances of which are fully described in a letter which his son wrote to Josiah Forster a schoolmaster and surveyor of Tottenham near London, his father-in-law, which reads as follows: ‘ It was on the 4th day, about five in the evening, that he was returning from brother Hirst's on horseback;[1] and in as good health as he had enjoyed for several weeks, and just at the entrance to the town (as we were informed, for none of us were with him) the mare stumbled, whether on the ice or some stone we know not; but on recovering herself, she struck into a brisk pace and he, endeavouring to stop her with the curb bridle, broke the bit in her mouth; by which accident he lost the command of her and his own seat and fell with so much violence on the side of his head, which was exceedingly bruised, that the surgeon told us he got a concussion in his brains, tho' his skull was not fractured. The neighbourhood was immediately alarmed and he carried into a little alehouse, from whence we were immediately sent for and went to him; we found him discharging abundance of blood from his wound and mouth and altogether insensible, as he remained to the time of his death; which was on the 5th day about 2 o'clock in the afternoon, notwithstanding all the surgeon could do for him; and indeed he remained quite motionless till his death...... I need not tell thee we shall never more use the mare. The Coroner's Inquest brought her in the Bane, tho' it seems in a great measure chargeable on the weakness of the bridle bits. She however is forfeited to the lord of the manor, the Duke of Norfolk, and valued by the jury at six pounds, which we believe he, will not [take] nor any more than a small acknowldgement, which will serve to keep up his superstitious claim to Deodands (so called), warranted by custom or law. The letter was dated Sheffield 12th Mo. 15th 1759 and is now at the central Offices of the Society of Friends, Euston Road, London. This the first William was buried in the Quakers' Burial Ground at Sheffield; he died intestate and his wife Emma predeceased him. The claim to a deodand was prima facie by the King; it arose when a man, through misfortune, was killed by a horse or cart or any moving thing, called a bane, which was forfeited to the King's Almoner, to dispose of in alms and deeds of charity. It seems that by special custom of the manor of Sheffield, deodands were claimed by its lord. The mare which caused the death of William was probably the one he bought from John Lee of Thrift House Ecclesall for £7, two years before the accident; a note of which appears in his cash-book. THE SECOND WILLIAM. On the death of the head of the family in 1759, his son William continued the school, of which he had kept the accounts since 1757 or earlier; he also continued the surveying business, for which he had been trained by his father and in which he had taken an active part for some years before his father's death. He administered his father's estate; and his well kept account-books, which form part of The Fairbank Collection, give much information as to his life and work. During the father's lifetime William the son had married Mary the daughter of Josiah Forster of Tottenham above mentioned, whose grandson we are told was the right honourable William Edward Forster M.P. for Bradford and chief secretary for Ireland in 1880.The Forsters were also members of the Society of Friends and the letter of the 15th December 1759 was written by the second William to his wife's father. In 1760, a year after his father's death, the second William bought land in Coal Pit Lane Sheffield, now known as Cambridge Street, on which he erected a dwelling-house for his own occupation, with ample accommodation for his scholars. In 1770 M. Oddie, perhaps a pupil, made a very perfect plan of this property, which is in the collection. The second William continued at Coal Pit Lane for several years and during this period, the daily entries in his books show a curious mixture of charges for schooling and surveying; he obviously must have had help in the school, when away from home surveying land at a distance. In 1798 he took a lease from the Duke of Norfolk of a piece of land containing 32 perches in Lee's Croft, with a frontage of about 220 yards to Broomhall Lane, near the corner of what is now Broom¬hall Street and West Street. On this piece of land he had built some years previously, as a residence for himself, a house with a garden and orchard which he called West Hill, the site of which had prior to 1768 been part of what was then known as Black Lands. In 1798 the Duke seems to have granted William Fairbank a lease of West Hill, as it is then referred to in the Duke's maps and rentals as leasehold; but, although the lease was granted in 1798, it is clear that William Fairbank was living at West Hill as early as 1794 and probably eight years earlier, as he appears to have left Coal Pit Lane and given up the school about 1774. After this he presumably devoted his whole time and energy to land surveying. The Fairbank Collection contains many of his office diaries and account-books, among which is a printed pocket-diary for the year 1785, which is full of interesting notes of work done, which are beautifully written and clearly expressed. It contains many items which explain and supplement the maps in the field-books. This daily record gives a good idea of the professional life and work of the second William Fairbank, who died at West Hill on the 9th August 1801, aged 70 years. By his will, dated the 14th May 1800, he gave his leasehold house, which would be West Hill, and two closes then known as Well Field and the Croft, held of the Duke of Norfolk, to his wife for life, with the remainder to his two sons William and Josiah and their sisters; but William had the right to have the house, on making certain payments to the others; the testator gave all his instruments used for the land surveying business and his copper-plates and plans of Sheffield and the parish of Sheffield to his two sons; but his household goods furniture and books he gave to his wife, who with her eldest son William proved the will at York, on the 15th February 1802. The Fairbank Collection bears witness to an extraordinary amount of work done by this very assiduous and energetic member of the family, the second William; nearly two hundred of the field-books are in his handwriting. From ‘The Records of the Burgery of Sheffield' by John Daniel Leader 1897, it appears that he did much work for the Town Trustees. One of his great achievements was the laying out, construction and engineering of main roads in and around Sheffield. In 1757, two years before his father's death, he constructed the Sheffield to Buxton turnpike road; and about the same time he widened and improved the entire length of the road from Sheffield to Wakefield. In 1760 he made the road from Lady's Bridge to Bridgehouses; in 1763 he was engaged on the Worksop Road through Aston and Gateford; and about the same time he improved the turnpike road to Derby. In 1764 he constructed the road from Tinsley to Doncaster and two years later was engaged on the road from Orgreave,Common to Attercliffe via Catcliffe. During 1768 the road from Holmesfield to Curbar Head was completed under his supervision; also the turnpike road from Grindleford Bridge to Penistone. This gives some idea of the work he undertook and completed; but it is only part of his work on the roads, which again is exclusive of the more general work of land surveying for private clients, of whom he had many. Like his father; he travelled about the country to his work on horseback; and he must have spent many hours every week in the saddle and no doubt kept his own horse; but in his accounts the cost of horse-hire constantly occurs. We have evidence of his journeys in the saddle, for days to, gether, in his journals and cash books. In 1757, during his father's lifetime, he was engaged in a survey for Parson Stacey of Stow Park, about five miles south-east of Gainsborough, and not less than thirty-six miles from Sheffield. His first stop was at Woodhouse to have his horse's shoe removed, for which he paid four pence; he had dinner at Gateford, which cost including ale seven pence; supper and liquor at Retford thirteen pence, where he stayed the night and paid a further eight pence for his breakfast with ale. At North Leverton he stopped for dinner, paying ten pence; and there he secured a guide to show him the road to Dunham Ferry, for whose services he paid two pence; next day he had his midday dinner at Gainsborough and supped at Wheatley. The following day he had J. Johnson as his guest at dinner and this was probably Parson Stacey's agent, who would point out the land to be surveyed. He seems to have taken the journey very leisurely, perhaps he was riding his own horse on that occasion? The concluding item for this journey shows that his professional fee was five shillings a day, the entry being `My wages 7 days at 5s = £l - 15 - 0d.' About the same time he was measuring the road from Sheffield to Chesterfield, to fix milestones for the Turnpike Commissioners. In that case his charge for one day and horse was six shillings. No doubt many of the surveys, which he made from home, took more than a week and the open air life in all weathers that he led must have been very strenuous. In 1760 he repaved High Street Sheffield and in 1762 he began a complete survey of the Duke of Norfolk's Sheffield estate. The following year he was working in Cheshire and in 1765 he undertook work on the Don, to increase the water-power for mills and wheels. Two years later he completed the aqueduct from Crookes Moor to the New Spring at Leavy Greave and thence to Broomhall Lane. During the twenty years following 1770, he seems to have further increased his work, not only as a surveyor and engineer but also as an architect; during that period, it included the erection of The Tontine Inn, the Shambles in Market Place; the Friends' Meeting House and private residences; including Meersbrook' House, Page Hall and many others. THE THIRD WILLIAM. After the death of the second William in 1801, either his executors or his two sons seem to have purchased the freehold reversion of the leasehold house at West Hill from the Duke; and William the son took up his residence there. The two sons, William and Josiah, who for some time previously had been helping their father in the business, carried it on in partnership under the style of W. & J. Fairbank at West Hill; but later Josiah took the sole control until his son, some years later, joined him in partnership. The third William, who apparently never married, died in 1848, aged seventy four. He does not appear to have ever taken a very active part in the business and more than seven years before his death the business under the style of Josiah Fairbank & Son had been removed from West Hill to offices in East Parade, in the centre of the town; and at that time Josiah was living at Wilkinson Street. By the will of the third William, dated the 30th June 1846, his `printed books and engraved maps' were left to his friend Edward Smith of Fir Vale near Sheffield esquire. To his nephew William Fairbank Fairbank, the eldest son of his deceased brother Josiah, he gave all his drawn maps, field-books and other writings relating thereto and his drawings and surveying instruments. The residue of his estate was to be divided between his sister Mary, the wife of William Hodgson of German Town near Philadelphia U.S.A. and his sister-in-law Sarah, the widow of his brother Josiah: Mr John Wheat solicitor of Sheffield was appointed sole executor, but he renounced probate and Sarah Fairbank administered the estate, shortly after the death of the testator, which occurred on the 15th July 1846. JOSIAH FAIRBANK. We must now return to Josiah, the second son of the second William, who was born on the 14th December 1777 and died two years before his elder brother. Josiah married Sarah Carbutt of Leeds, who survived him; they had sons and daughters. Three of his sons were brought up as surveyors in their father's office in Sheffield. Shortly before his death Josiah severed his connexion with the Society of Friends and was by them `disunited.' His death occurred in 1844, at a time when he was over¬whelmed with work in connexion with the promotion of Bills in Parliament for the construction of railways. He died in his sixty-sixth year and apparently left no will; neither was administration to his estate granted at York or Somerset House. There are no books or papers in the collection relating to his estate or its distribution after his death. In the year 1800, Josiah assumed control at his father's office and during the following forty years or more he got through a very great amount of important work; amongst other things, he valued the whole of the Sheffield area for rating purposes, he found time to do the same for the township of Halifax, his ancestral home; and he had much to do with the Rivelin and Redmires reservoirs. In 1819 he undertook and carried through the construction of the road from Townhead in Sheffield to Glossop, along what is now West Street, Glossop Road, Manchester Road, Moscar, Ashopton and Snake. Prior to 1819, West Street was very limited in extent; it only existed between what is now Holly Street and Broomhall Street. Buildings blocked the east end of West Street, at the Holly Street crossing; and all incoming traffic turned along Holly Street either north to Trippet Lane or south to Balm Green and Coal Pit Lane now Cambridge Street. At the other end West Street became a footpath; and all traffic, other than pedestrians, had to turn south down Broomhall Lane now Broomhall Street. This costly undertaking could only be carried out with the authority of Parliament; but when the work was completed in 1820, the town had acquired one of its finest approach roads from the west; a new and more direct route between Sheffield and Manchester was opened for wagons, postchaises and mail coaches. On the death of Josiah in 1844, his eldest son William Fairbank Fairbank continued the Sheffield business, where he had been helping his father for some years, the firm of Josiah Fairbank and Son being at East Parade, as early as 1833. WILLIAM FAIRBANK FAIRBANK. William Fairbank Fairbank was born in 1805 and married Frances Royston Fisher of Chesterfield. From a Sheffield Directory, we find him living at South Street in 1841. He was trained as a surveyor by his father and was a partner at the time of the latter's death. His two brothers John Tertius Fairbank and Josiah Forster Fairbank were also for some time at their father's office in East Parade. At the death of his father, William Fairbank Fairbank was left with much Parliamentary work on hand; and the disaster which befell the great railway enterprises of 1844-5 with the panic which followed, proved too much for his strength; and his health completely gave way. While in London on Parliamentary work in 1846 he had a stroke of paralysis and was taken to his home in Sheffield; but he only partially recovered and for two years he confined his work solely to what he could transact in his own office at Sheffield. In 1848 he had a further seizure and died in his garden on the 29th May, at the early age of 43 years. By his will he left the whole of his estate to his wife Frances, whom he appointed sole executrix; and she proved the will at York. With the death of William Fairbank Fairbank, the we11-known Sheffield firm of surveyors, that had flourished through four generations, came to an end. THE FAIRBANK COLLECTION: At this time the two surviving sons of Josiah Fairbank, John Tertius and Josiah Forster, both surveyors, were not living in Sheffield; and a friend of the family Mr Marcus Smith of Sheffield a surveyor and the sub-agent to the Duke of Norfolk, helped the widow to wind up the affairs of the office and bring the work of the Fairbanks in Sheffield to a close. The maps plans field-books drafts letters account-books and office-papers were included in the valuation for probate, and the Capital Burgesses bought some of the maps relating to their lands; other clients of the office seized the opportunity of doing the same. What remained were bought by Mr Marcus Smith, and these now constitute The Fairbank Collection. Mr Smith kept it in his room at the Duke's office in Sheffield, until his death in 1882, when it passed to his widow Mrs Sarah Smith, the aunt of the late Mr Alfred Smith Denton of ` Raisin Hall near Sheffield surveyor, to whom she presented the collection in her lifetime; and it remained in his office at The Hartshead Sheffield, until his death in 1927. Whilst in his possession, the maps were always available for reference or production in court, and often proved of the greatest value in disputes as to rights of way or the boundaries of land or buildings; such as the ease heard at Leeds Assizes in March 1893, concerning an alleged right of way along the Angel Inn yard in Sheffield, when the question turned on evidence provided by a Fairbank plan, produced by Mr Denton. After his death, the collection was purchased by Mr Bennett, together with a share in Mr Denton's business of a surveyor of land and minerals. With the close of the Fairbanks' office in East Parade the story of the Fairbanks and their work in Sheffield comes to an end; but the family tradition of the Sheffield branch has been maintained in other parts of Yorkshire. JOSIAH FORSTER FAIRBANK AND HIS DESCENDANTS. During the years before the death of Josiah Fairbank in 1844, his son Josiah Forster Fairbank had been assisting him in his professional duties; and at his father's death he was residing in Sheffield; but when the railway `bubble' burst, followed by a period of great trade depression, Josiah Forster Fairbank decided to obtain some official appointment, and in 1847 he was elected engineer and secretary to the Pudsey Gas Company out of one hundred and fifty applicants; he removed from Sheffield to Pudsey in April 1847; this appointment he held until 1850, when he became engineer and secretary to the Scarborough Gas Company. While there he designed and constructed the Filey Gas and Waterworks and the Scarborough public baths. He was elected a member of the Institute of Civil Engineers in 1857; and resigned his position at Scarborough in 1860, moving to London where he had offices in Parliament Street Westminster and practised there for many years, during which time he designed and constructed a large number of works all over the country. In 1885 he, like his father, had a stroke of paralysis, from which he recovered sufficiently to take his son Frank Graham Fairbank into partnership, opening an office in Driffield, where he then had work in hand; and this branch-office was subsequently transferred to York, the London offices of the firm being given up. Josiah Forster Fairbank died in 1899 and his son Frank Graham Fairbank, who reside at York, continued his professional work as a civil engineer in partnership with his son Mr Alan Carbutt Fairbank under the style of Fairbank and Son, at The Tudor House, Stonegate, York, where the great tradition of the Sheffield Fairbanks is yet maintained. Among the family papers, now in the possession of Mr F. Graham Fairbank at York is a memoir by his father, containing much information as to his branch of the family; with it, are many silhouette family portraits, including those of the first and second William and Josiah; and through the kindness of Mr Fairbank and his son these silhouettes are here reproduced. THE FUTURE OF THE COLLECTION. With regard to The Fairbank Collection, there can be no question as to its extraordinary interest and especial value to the city of Sheffield. From it, complete and accurate information can be obtained as to ancient highways, bridle-sties, footpaths, turnpikes, canals, railways, reservoirs, aqueducts, water-courses, streets, bridges, wells, weirs, fords, leppings, water-wheels, windmills, gibbets, jails, stocks, markets, inns, theatres, assembly-rooms, churches, chapels, schools, crosses, pinfolds, burial-grounds, stiles, orchards, market-gardens, nurseries and coal-pits, with in many cases the date of construction. From it, we also get the names of landowners, their lessees or tenants and other material of use to the topographer and historian. This unique collection of maps and field-books, descriptive for the most part of lands and buildings within the extended boundaries of the city of Sheffield, has been since 1932, through the generosity and public spirit of Mr Bennett, the valued possession of the city to which it relates; and, as The Fairbank Collection, it is safely housed in the archives at the Sheffield Public Library, where it is accessible to those, most likely to make use of it, both now and in years to come. [1] At this date John Hirst lived at Neepsend.
  11. Here's extracts from a booklet about St Philips church that used to stand on Penistone/Infirmary road. I remember the graveyard used to be in between the roads as was my uncles car garage repair shop next door to it. The gravestones were moved to the redevelopment of the Hillsborough Barracks and these are the ones you can see stood straight up in the walls there. Note by the author This booklet, written in response to a request by the Vicar and Council of St. Philip's Church, will, it is hoped, not only revive memories of the past and be an additional link in the long chain of local history, but also help to deepen the interest of its readers in the work and needs of a large and exacting parish. It is now nearly seventy years since I first saw St. Philip's Church. All the vicars, with the exception of the first, have been known to me, and some of them have been amongst my intimate friends. It is hardly possible to realise the vast changes that have taken place since St. Philip's parish was first formed. Brief notes are given of its four daughter parishes, together with sketches of its former vicars, whose portraits have been re-produced from those now on the walls of the ante-church. It has been truly said that the prosperity of a Church depends largely upon its connection with the past; that, whilst not the slave, it is essentially the pupil of the past, and that lessons are learnt alike from its failures and successes. A hundred years have passed since St. Philip's Church was opened. May I venture to express the hope that the beauty of the restored and renovated Sanctuary may exceed that of its past, and also, before all things, that in its higher spiritual and social activities it will ever be a faithful witness to God and His truth, and go on from strength to strength, bringing forth fruit to the glory of God and the welfare of worshippers and parishioners alike. W. ODOM, Lindum Lodge, Psalter Lane, Sheffield, June, 1928 Forward by The Bishop Of Sheffield (Leonard H. Sheffield) It is with great pleasure that I write a Foreword to Canon Odom's last contribution to the Church life of the City of Sheffield. The Church and Diocese owe a great debt of gratitude to him for the way in which he has given much time in handing down for all future generations correct knowledge with regard to the fabrics and Church life of our city. This last booklet is both accurate and interesting. It gives a picture of the vast changes which a hundred years have wrought in one of the great cities of the Empire. We of this generation can hardly realise that the great parish Churches of Sheffield are comparatively young, and that they started their existence amongst green fields and steep slopes covered with trees, where now there are only long lines of artisan dwellings interspersed with vast industrial works. Bishop Lightfoot once said that "the study of history is the best cordial for a drooping courage." The brave efforts now being made by the people of St. Philip's are only one more illustration of that undoubted truth. The thanks of the parish are due to Canon Odom for his historical account of a parish which I hope will always be second to none in the enthusiasm and vigour of its Church life. I remain, Your sincere friend and Bishop, LEONARD H. SHEFFIELD, Bishopsholme, Sheffield, 7th June, 1928. STONES THAT SPEAK Stones still speak, and this is what St. Philip's Church is saying to us today. "Yes, I am very old, my Hundreth Birthday is on July 2nd, 1928, but I hope to live a long time yet. I started life with a great flourish of trumpets. People flocked to see me, and only those who had tickets could get inside. The Archbishop was there and all the rich and influential folk of Sheffield. They drove up in their carriages from miles around. It was a great service, the music was supplied by a band of fifteen instruments, and the collection came to £47 15s 7d. Can you wonder that I sometimes sigh for the good old days when I stood almost surrounded by fields, and Upperthorpe was the best part of Sheffield. Now I have lost my high position; no rich people worship within my walls. I am surrounded by factories, the smoke from whose chimneys has covered me inside and out with grime. In spite of all, however, I am not downhearted, for I know that many who do not often come still have a very warm corner in their hearts for me, having perhaps been brought to me as babies to be baptised, and having been married within my walls. I have had a great past, and look for a still more useful future. Will you make me a real big Birthday Present ?" Surely these words may form a fitting introduction to a brief record of the life and work of St. Philip's during a hundred eventful and changeful years. PEEPS AT THE PAST On referring to a plan of Sheffield by John Leather in 1823, shortly after the building of St. Philip's began, we find Roscoe Place marked at the junction of Shales Moor, Penistone Road and Walkley Road - now Infirmary Road. Beyond Dun Street and the end of Green Lane there were few buildings save a grinding wheel, until Philadelphia Place was reached. Here was another wheel, a tilt, and some scattered dwellings, whilst a little beyond were the old barracks. A few houses with large gardens were at Upperthorpe, which at that time was beginning to be a pleasant and favourable residential district. here lived the Master Cutler, Mr. John Blake, who in 1832 laid the first stone of the new Cutlers' Hall; he died of the plague the same year. Blake Street bears his name. Another resident of Upperthorpe was Ebenezer Elliott, the "Corn Law Rhymer," who in 1834, after removing his business from Burgess Street to Gibralter Street, rented a house which was afterwards known as "Grove Hous! e," probably that once occupied by the late Master Cutler, John Blake. In 1841 Elliott went to live near Barnsley, in a house he built there. What the neighbourhood of St. Philip's was like a few years before the Church was built, is seen from a fine engraving from a painting of 1798, taken from about Portmahon, and showing the back of the Infirmary, reproduced in the Centenary History of the Infirmary. A large chromo by the late W. Ibbitt, entitled "The Valley of the Don," gives a good idea of St. Philip's parish as it was in the year 1856; in it St. Philip's Church, the Infirmary, the Barracks, the Railway Viaduct at Wardsend, and the River Don are prominent. The late Mr. R.E. Leader in "Sheffield in the Eighteenth Century," tells us what that side of the town was like a few years before St. Philip's Church was consecrated:- At the bottom of Allen Lane land had been sold for the erection of another of the "water houses" in connection with the springs and dams at the White House, Upperthorpe; and here, as at the Townhead Cross, water was sold by the bucketful or barrelful. ...Then a riding school, afterwards utilised as the Lancasterian Schools, was erected at or near to the old bowling-green...Beyond, Shales Moor was an open waste, over which the road, recklessly broad, meandered on its way to Owlerton and Penistone. The present Infirmary Road was represented by rural Whitehouse Lane, and from it, about where Lower St. Philip's Road or Montgomery Terrace are, Cherry Tree Lane wound up with indecisive curvings to Causey Lane, by which the wayfarer could reach Upperthorpe; or retracing his steps towards the town, could return by a footway past Lawyer Hoyle's house at Netherthorpe, on the line of the modern Meadow Street to "Scotland." The following extracts from "Old Sheffield," by Mr. R.E. Leader, describe the neighbourhood early in the nineteenth century:- Allen Lane and the Bowling Green marked the extremity of the inhabited region of Gibralter. Beyond, the road ran between fields - Moorfields - and on to the distant rural haunts of Philadelphia and Upperthorpe. There was Lawyer Hoyle's house up on the left; and the little barber's shop, just before you come to Roscoe Place near the junction of the Infirmary and Penistone Roads, was alone in its glory until 1806, when Mr. Shaw built the stove-grate works, and with his partner, Mr. Jobson, laid the foundation of that trade which has obtained for Sheffield the manufacture of stoves and fenders previously claimed by Edinburgh and London.... Watery Street was a rural lane with a stream running down it....Allen Street, at that point of it across the Brocco, was only a highway, without any houses, so that there was a clear space and view from the top of Garden Street to the Jericho. This view included Mr. Hoyle's house (Hoyle Street), which then stood enclosed in what, perhaps, might be described as a small park. At the back of this house was a row of high trees, serving as a rookery, where the birds built their nests, and around which they might be seen taking their serial flights. the narrow lane, now called Burnt Tree Lane, was then the road from Allen Street to Portmahon in which there was a white painted pair of gates, with the carriage way running in a straight line to the front door of the house. THE "MILLION" CHURCH BUILDING ACT During the long reign of George III, 1760-1820, the lack of church accommodation was most manifest. Not only had the population greatly increased, but it had also become more concentrated in large centres, and provision for the working classes and the poor was altogether inadequate. Influence was brought to bear upon the Prime Minister, Lord Liverpool, and in the year 1818 a Parliamentary grant of £1,000,000 was voted for Church building in populous centres, to which another £500,000 was subsequently added. Side by side with this a great voluntary effort was made, and in 1817 the Church Building Society was formed, with the result that, including the one million and a half granted by Parliament, about nine millions was expended on Church Extension in the course of a few years. One result was that on March 28th, 1820, a meeting was held in the vestry of the Sheffield Parish Church (the Rev. Thomas Sutton being the vicar), to consider the proposal of building three new Churche! s. Ultimately four were built under the Act - Attercliffe, St. George's, St. Philip's and St. Mary's. The population of the town was then 65,275, comprising 14,100 families. THE CHURCH BUILT St. Philip's Church, the second of these "Million Act" Churches, occupies a prominent position at the foot of Shales Moor, between Infirmary Road and Penistone Road. When built it was on the outskirts of the town. What is now a mass of intricate streets and closely packed houses, extending for some miles and climbing the Walkley hills, was then a well -wooded rural district with scattered dwellings at Upperthorpe and Philadelphia. The Infirmary, close by, had been built thirty years before on the Upperthorpe meadows, amid attractive open surroundings. The style is Gothic, on a plan similar to that of St. George's, although it is considered somewhat inferior to that Church in its architecture, nor does it occupy so commanding a position. The architect was Mr. Taylor, of Leeds. It is a lofty and MASSIVE building with a tower at the west end. The clerestory has five windows on each side; the nave has embattled parapets with pinnacles. The interior has a gallery running round three sides; that at the west end projects into the tower and contains the organ. the pulpit, prayer desk and clerk's desk were formerly grouped together in the centre of the nave. The lofty pulpit is on the north side, whilst the choir, formerly in the west gallery, occupies the stalls in front of the chancel. The Church is 95 feet long and 78 feet wide. When built it afforded accommodation for 2,000 persons, but the number of sittings has since been reduced to 1,600 by the erection of the choir stalls and the cutting off at the west end of an ante-church or vestibule twenty feet wide, part of which now forms the choir vestry. The contract for the Church, including incidental expenses, was £13,970. Hunter gives the cost as £11,960. the cost of the gas fittings was £183, and that of the warming apparatus £125. The site - one acre and two roods - formerly part of the Infirmary lands called the "Hocker Storth," was given by Mr. Philip Gell, of Hopton, Derbyshire, a cousin of the Rev. James Wilkinson, Vicar of Sheffield, and who had inherited a moiety of the Broomhall estate. the Church was dedicated to St. Philip as a mark of esteem to Mr. Gell, whose christian name was Philip, and the first stone was laid by him on September 26th 1822. Owing to the contractor not being able to fulfil his contract and the death of the architect, the Church was not opened until July 2nd, 1828, when it was consecrated by Archbishop Vernon Harcourt. A special hymn by James Montgomery, who was present at the consecration, began with the lines: Lord of Hosts! to Thee we raise Here an house of prayer and praise; Thou Thy people's hearts prepare, Here to offer praise and prayer. Let the living here be fed, With Thy Word, the heavenly bread; Here in hope of glory blest May the dead be laid to rest. The Rev. Thomas Sutton preached the sermon from 1 Kings ix, 3: "I have heard thy prayer and thy supplication, that thou hast made before me: I have hallowed this house, which thou hast built, to put my name there forever; and mine eyes and mine heart shall be there perpetually." An immense congregation included leading families of the town, in addition to which visitors drove up in their carriages from miles round. There was an imposing procession from the gates of the old Parish Church to St. Philip's Church, headed by a band of fifteen performers. Here is a letter of July 26th, 1828, from the Rev. Thomas Sutton, Vicar of Sheffield, to Mr. Jobson, which reads: "The bearer is Foster, the leader of the band, who has a demand upon us for £5 which you will be pleased to pay him." With the letter is a list showing that there were fifteen performers, with five clarionets, two horns, one bass horn, one serpent, one trombone, one trumpet, two flutes, one double drum, one key bugle. At the east end is a large stained window containing fourteen memorial panels representing our Lord the central figure, the twelve Apostles and St. Paul. The two lower sets of five each bear the following names: Robert Johnson, Churchwarden, 1828; Mary Elliott Hoole, John and Mary Livesey; Maria Rawson; Elizabeth Frith; Charles & Elizabeth Atkinson; Joseph Sims Warner, Churchwarden, 1845; George & Elizabeth Addey; William Frederick Dixon, Churchwarden, 1831; William & Emma Kirk. The Church bell, by Thomas Mears, of Whitechapel, London, which cost £150, was set up in December, 1832. The clock in the tower, with three very large illuminated dials, made by Mr. Lomas, of Sheffield, the cost of which was raised by subscription, was opened in January, 1847. At the time an interesting correspondence took place, in which the Gas Company was asked, on the ground of public utility, to supply gas gratuitously, as was the case with the clocks of St. Peter's, St. Paul's and Attercliffe. the Directors of the Company replied to the wardens that the request could not be complied with, but that the Company would supply the clock with gas after the same rate as the public lamps of the town. The Church has a fine brass eagle lecturn, and a small plain stone font occupies a place at the east end of the north aisle. Two oak prayer desks are "dedicated in loving memory of the Venerable Archdeacon Eyre." The silver communion plate includes a very large flagon on which is engraved "St. Philip's Church, Sheffield, 1828," two patens, and two chalices. On the walls of the ante-church are the portraits of former vicars. In the vestry is a fine set of ten old oak chairs, two with arms elaborately carved; also a very fine iron casting of de Vinci's "Last Supper," presented by Mrs. Bagnall. MEMORIALS There are mural memorial tablets to the Rev. John Livesey, for thirty-nine years incumbent, who died August 10th, 1870, and his three wives, Sarah, Emily, and Mary. It is recorded that Sarah was the widow of Francis Owen, incumbent of Crookes, and shared his labours and perils as the first missionary clergyman to the Zulus and Betchuanas of South Africa. There is also a tablet to Frances Wright, a sister of Mrs. Livesey. In the south aisle is a white marble tablet to the Rev. James Russell, M.A., "for eleven years the faithful pastor of the parish," who died on January 12th, 1882, aged fifty-one years. The tablet, erected by the congregation, records his last words: "I know whom I have believed." In a window in the south gallery are stained glass panes representing King David, with musical emblems, and inscribed: "In memory of Thomas Frith, organist of this Church, born April 17th, 1808, died April 5th, 1850." On a pillar near the choir is a brass to Joseph Beaumont, who died on July 7th, 1903, for twenty-four years choirmaster and organist of the Church, erected by members of the choir as "a tribute to his musical ability, his faithful labours, genial disposition and blameless character." Another brass commemorates Edward Law Mitchell, for twelve years choirmaster and organist of the Church, who died November 18th, 1915, aged thirty-eight - "erected by congregation and choir." At the west end, on a pillar, is a brass to Charles Marriott, who died September 28th, 1849, in his fourteenth year - "One of the first set of boys of the choir of this Church established A.D. 1848 - erected by his fellow choristers." On the south side of the chancel is a brass with the inscription:- "To the glory of God and in memory of the Rev. Ernest Vores Everard, M.A., Vicar of this Church, 1912-1917, the Electric Lighting of the Choir and Church was installed in 1920." In the churchyard is a prominent monument to Dr. Ernest, who died on November 16th, 1841. He had been house surgeon to the General Infirmary from its commencement - forty-four years - and was the author of a booklet published in 1824, on the origin of the Infirmary. SITTINGS In 1828 it was decreed by the authorities that amongst other things two pews should be reserved for the vicar and his family and another for his servants; that 800 free sittings should be provided for the use of the poor; the remainder to be let at yearly rents and assigned as a fund for the stipend of the minister. The pews were divided into two classes. In 1847 the 1st class were let at 12/- per sitting, and the 2nd class at 10/- per sitting. In the early years the seat rents averaged £250 per annum, but they gradually declined, and in 1918 seat rents were abolished and the sittings declared to be free and open. The population of St. Philip's in 1921, including persons in the Royal Infirmary, was 15,968. The Vicar of Sheffield is patron of the benefice, the annual value being set down at £400, of which £183 is from the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, £100 from the Sheffield Church Burgesses and £11 13s. 8d. from Queen Anne's Bounty. The Churchyard, closed for burials in 1857, is now laid out and planted with shrubs for public use under the Open Spaces Act. In 1924 long strips of the same, from eight to ten feet wide - altogether 583 square yards - were taken by the Corporation for the widening of Infirmary Road and Penistone Road; the Corporation undertaking to erect new boundary walls with palisading thereon to the two new frontages. WARDSEND CEMETERY In June, 1857, the Rev. John Livesey, anticipating the closing of the Churchyard, conveyed five acres of ground at Wardsend to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners for a new burial ground, which was enclosed and a lodge and Chapel erected at a total cost of £2,600. It was consecrated by Archbishop Musgrave on July 5th, 1859, the greater part of the cost having been defrayed by Mr. Livesey. In 1901 the Cemetery was enlarged by the addition of two acres of land, and several improvements were made to the buildings. IMPROVEMENTS AND RENOVATION In 1847 a large sum was spent in repairing and enlarging the organ, at which on the re-opening Mr. Thomas Firth presided. The preachers were the Rev. G.B. Escourt, Rector of Eckington, and the Rev. E.S. Murphy, one of the chaplains of the Sheffield Parish Church and lecturer of St. Philip's. In 1879 a considerable sum was spent in improvements. In 1887 the Church again underwent extensive repair and improvement at a cost of £1000. The uncomfortable narrow high-backed pews were lowered and sloped, and fitted with rug seating. the organ was re-built and enlarged by W. Hill & Sons, the original builders. At the re-opening in June the preachers were Archdeacon Blakeney and Canon Favell. Dr. Bridge, organist of Westminster Abbey, presided at the organ. Collections £55 10s. 0d. In 1894 £600 was expended in renovation; further improvements were made in 1899 at a cost of £300; and in 1903 the organ was again repaired at a cost of nearly £100. In 1927 a new warming apparatus was fixed in the Church at a cost of £425. the effect of bringing the choir from the west gallery to new choir stalls at the east end of the nave, and other alterations reduced the number of sittings from 2,000 to 1,600. CHURCH REGISTERS The registers of baptisms and burials at St. Philip's Church date from 1828 and that of marriages from 1848. At those times and long afterwards by far the larger number of baptisms and marriages took place at the old Parish Church. The baptisms there in 1829 being 1,955 and the marriages 798. At St. Philip's in 1828 there were three baptisms. In 1829 the baptisms numbered 27, and the burials 420. In 1830 there were 15 baptisms, and 201 burials. In the year 1927 there were 148 baptisms and 96 weddings. At Wardsend Cemetery were 86 burials. THE ORGAN In the year 1840 - September 30th and October 1st - a large and costly new organ, by W. Hill & Sons, of London, was opened. A copy of the advertisement in the "Sheffield Mercury" announcing "Cathedral Services" on that occasion is before me:- Dr. Wesley, of Exeter Cathedral, will preside at the Organ. Principal Vocalists: Miss Birch, Mr. Francis, of St. Paul's Cathedral, Mr. Pearsall and Mr. Machin, of Lichfield Cathedral. The Choral Department will be sustained by a numerous and effective body of singers. In addition to the full Cathedral Services there will be a Grand Selection of Sacred Music from Handel, Haydn, Beethoven, Greene, Cooke, Travers, Kent, and the Wesleys. Prices of tickets- MORNING: Reserved Seats 7/-, First Class 3/6, Second Class 2/6. EVENING: Reserved seats 5/-, First Class 2/6, Second Class 1/6. Miss Birch, of London, was "in the highest grade as an English singer." She sang the following Selections by Handel: "Holy, Holy, Holy," "What though I trace," "Farewell ye limpid streams," "Bright Seraphim," "I know that my redeemer Liveth," "Angels ever bright and fair," and "With verdure clad." PAROCHIAL BUILDINGS The Day and Sunday Schools in Hoyle Street were built in 1832, at a cost of £1,200, by subscription and Government grant. They were subsequently enlarged, and more recently a considerable sum has been expended on alterations and improvements. the site is leasehold for 789 years at a ground rent of £10 15s. 0d. per annum. THE VICARAGE - In 1858, the Governors of Queen Anne's Bounty purchased at a much reduced price from Mr. Livesey, his freehold house and garden at Upperthorpe, as a parsonage for St. Philip's. After a time it was found unsuitable for the vicar's residence, and the Rev. John Darbyshire, during the seventeen years of his vicariate, lived at Claremont. When the Rev. J.W. Merryweather entered upon the incumbency in 1898, the house was improved and enlarged at a cost of over £600. EVERSLEY HOUSE - In 1919, the valuable freehold house and grounds comprising 1,052 square yards of land known as Eversley House, at the corner of Upperthorpe Road and Oxford Street, was given to St. Philip's by Mr. James Wing, steel manufacturer. After extensive alterations and furnishing, carried out at a cost of £2,000, it was opened as a Club and Institute for men, women, boys and girls, and is constantly in use for social, educational and temperance work, Bible classes, and other parochial purposes. It is held for the parish by the Sheffield Diocesan Trust. SPORTS FIELD - this, near Coal Pit Lane, Wadsley Common, was acquired in February, 1924, at a cost of £375, to be used for social and recreational purposes by the parishioners and congregation of St. Philip's. It is held in trust by the Sheffield Diocesan Trust THE OLD CLERGY HOUSE - In 1864, the late Miss Rawson, of the Hawthorns, Crooksmoor, conveyed to the governors of Queen Anne's Bounty in trust for the incumbent of St. Philip's, her former residence at Philadelphia on the Penistone Road, with the surrounding grounds, for many years used as a residence for the curate. This was sold many years ago and the proceeds invested to augment the income of the benefice. PARISH BOUNDARIES When in 1848 St. Philip's was constituted a separate parish, it covered 834 acres with a population of 8,340, and included Portmahon, Upperthorpe, Walkley, Barber Nook, Philadelphia, Owlerton, with parts of Hillsborough and Malin Bridge. Its southern boundary extended from the river Don along Dun Street, Matthew Street, part of Meadow Street, Netherthorpe, Watery Lane and up Dam Lane, as high as the old footpath, with a wall on either side, which led across Crookesmoor Valley to Steel Bank, and which divided St. Philip's parish from that of Crookes. The present boundaries are the river Don, Dun Street, Matthew Street, Meadow Street, Watery Lane, Burlington Street, Bond Street, Ashberry Road, Birkendale Road, Daniel Hill Street, Woollen Lane, Edith Street, West Don Street to the river. The boundary line runs down the centre of each street. FOUR DAUGHTER CHURCHES St. Philip's has now four daughter churches - St. Mary's, St. John the Baptist's, St. Bartholomew's, and St. Nathanael's - with a combined population of 45,838 which, with that of the mother church, 15,968, gives a total of 61,805, an increase probably of 60,000 since St. Philip's was consecrated:- St. MARY'S, WALKLEY, was constituted a parish in 1870. In 1861 a Mission Church, consisting of two bays and a chancel, was built in Howard Road by the Rev. J. Livesey, at a cost of £1,000. The Sheffield Church Extension Society (No: 1) having taken up the matter by completing the nave, adding two aisles, and a broach tower with spire, at a cost of £3,200, the Church was consecrated on August 6th, 1869, by Archbishop Thomson. Near the choir stalls is a plate with the inscription: "To the glory of God and in memory of the Rev. Thomas Smith, for thirty-two years vicar of this parish, who died on March 10th, 1901, these stalls and pulpit were erected by his parishioners and personal friends." Near to the Church are extensive schools and parochial buildings. St Saviour's Church, Whitehouse Road, with 320 sittings, consecrated by Archbishop Lang in March, 1913, as a Chapel of Ease to St. Mary's, cost £4,150. In the Rivelin Valley is the Church Cemetery of seven acres. Population, 15,276. Patrons, trustees. Value £550. Vicar, the Rev. Thomas Michael Archer, M.A. St. JOHN THE BAPTIST, OWLERTON, built at a cost of £6,300, of which £2,000 was provided by a legacy from Miss Rawson, was consecrated by Archbishop Thomson on July 29th, 1874. It consists of nave, aisles and chancel, with a slender bell tower, and contains 600 sittings. In it are several stained memorial windows. A fine Parish War Memorial Hall, erected at a cost of £5,000, was opened in 1926. Population, 15,297. Patrons, the Church Patronage Society. Value £400. Vicar, the Rev. Harry Holden, M.A. St. BARTHOLOMEW'S, LANGSETT ROAD, comprising nave, chancel and aisles, with 640 sittings, was consecrated by Archbishop Thomson, on February 6th, 1882. The cost, including site, was about £5,000. In the Chancel is a memorial tablet to Benjamin Brandreth Slater, the first vicar. The parochial buildings and schools on Primrose Hill were built in 1890 at a cost of £2,000. Population, 10,790. Patrons, the Church Patronage Society. Value £400. Vicar, the Rev. William Retallack Bellerby. St. NATHANAEL'S, CROOKESMOOR, mainly due to the late Canon J.W. Merryweather, vicar of St. Philip's, a stone building consisting of nave only, is 100 feet long and 30 feet wide. Built at a cost of £6,000, it was a Chapel of Ease to St. Philip's and served by its clergy up to 1912, when the parish was constituted. The Church was consecrated by Bishop Hedley Burrows, on December 20th, 1914. The Parochial Hall is near the Church. Population 4,475. Patrons, the Sheffield Church Burgesses. Value £425. Vicar, the Rev. Samson Richard Butterton. INCUMBENTS AND VICARS WILLIAM DRAYTON CARTER, M.A., was, in December 1827, appointed by Dr. Sutton as the first minister of St. Philip's, but nothing is recorded of him. As his successor was appointed before the Church was consecrated it is probable that he did not enter upon the charge. THOMAS DINHAM ATKINSON, M.A., a former fellow of Queen's College, Cambridge, became incumbent in June, 1828. After a short ministry of three years he resigned in July, 1831 on his preferment to the vicarage of Rugeley, Staffordshire. JOHN LIVESEY M.A., of St. John's College, Cambridge, curate to the Rev. Charles Simeon, was appointed incumbent in July, 1831, and held the office for the long space of thirty-nine years. He was a tall man of fine presence, very active, and, as his after eventful ministry proved, a man of war. I well remember, in my early years, going to see him at his pleasant home in Wadsley Grove on some legal business. St. Philip's parish then included the districts of Hill Foot, Owlerton, Walkley and Upperthorpe in addition to a large district near the Church, with a total population of 25,000. The Church has become the mother church of four other distinct parishes, namely, St. Mary's, Walkley; St. John the Baptist, Owlerton; St. Bartholomew's, Langsett Road; and St. Nathanael, Crookesmoor. Of these, Walkley was founded by Mr. Livesey, he having secured the site in Howard Road, and raised £1,000 by subscription for a Mission Church, which now forms part of St. Mary's Church. In June, 1862, there was great excitement, accompanied with rioting, at Wardsend Cemetery, in consequence of reports that bodies had been sold for dissection by the sexton, whose house was burnt down. Mr. Livesey, who had at his own cost purchased and laid out the cemetery, unhappily became mixed up in the prosecutions that followed. Charged with giving a false certificate of burial, he was committed for trial at York Assizes, and sentenced to three weeks imprisonment. Resolutions of sympathy were passed, and in August a free pardon was granted to him. He successfully asserted in the Court of Queen's Bench the rights of the incumbents of the district Churches to the fees arising from marriages as against the Vicar of Sheffield; at another time he had a warm controversy with the War Office on the question of the chaplaincy to the Barracks. He died on 11th August, 1870, in his sixty-seventh year. Mr. Livesey introduced into St. Philip's Church what were known as "Cathedral Services," with a surpliced choir. The following notes are from an article by a Sheffield journalist, "Criticus," who was present at a service on a Sunday morning in 1869: There was the choir at the top of the centre aisle, and there were the choristers, ten nice little boys in white surplices, five on each side, and six men, all in surplices. the singing and chanting were unquestionably good. There was nothing higgity-jiggity about the tunes, anthems, or music. The congregation did not join in the response very extensively........ The service was conducted by Mr. Livesey, whose style of reading is easy, fluent, rather rapid and somewhat familiar. In the pulpit he wore his academic gown, having never worn his surplice when preaching since 1847, when his wardens presented him with an address, thanking him for giving it up. The text was four words, "Enoch walked with God," and the sermon occupied sixteen minutes. In private life Mr. Livesey is a very worthy and estimable character. he is genial, benevolent and kind hearted. he has a just and enlightened apprehension as to what is due to his position as incumbent or vicar of St. Philip's, and has on several occasions sacrificed himself to uphold great principles. Like Job, Mr. Livesey has had to "endure affliction," and, as in the case of that patriarch, his "latter end" yields a redundant return of peace and plenty. Sitting under his own vine and figtree in the pleasant retreat of Wadsley Grove, none daring to make him afraid, he rejoices in the esteem o! f his friends and parishioners. JAMES RUSSELL, M.A., formerly vicar of Wombridge, who died on January 12th, 1882, in his fifty-second year. He was a diligent pastor and an active promoter of parochial organizations. He was instrumental in the building of St. John's Church, Owlerton, and lived to see a further division of the parish, St. Bartholomew's, Langsett Road, the Church of which was consecrated shortly after his death. "In general Church work he was wont to take a leading share, displaying great business capacity along with religious zeal, and lived to see one of the largest congregations in the town at the evening services at St. Philip's." JOHN DARBYSHIRE, M.A., vicar of St. Paul's, Wolverhampton, was appointed vicar in 1882. Here is a characteristic letter from Archdeacon Blakeney the patron to the wardens of St. Philip's, on the appointment of Mr. Darbyshire, who was his brother-in-law: "I have much pleasure in informing you that the Rev. J. Darbyshire, vicar of St. Paul's, Wolverhampton, has accepted the living of St. Philip's. I believe you will find him all that you could desire. In making this appointment I have been solely guided by the requirements of the parish, and I pray that the divine blessing may accompany it in the extension of the Redeemer's Kingdom." Mr. Darbyshire was a genial and earnest pastor, highly esteemed by his parishioners and a wide circle of friends. In 1898 he became vicar of Doulting, Somerset, where he died on December 22nd, 1919, at the age of seventy-two. JAMES WHITE MERRYWEATHER, M.A., vicar of Carbrook, Sheffield, who for twenty-three years had been vicar of Carbrook, Sheffield, was appointed vicar in 1898. To him was mainly due the Church of St. Nathanael, Crookesmoor, a daughter Church of St. Philip's. He remained at St. Philip's until 1912, when he became vicar of Fulwood, where, after much suffering, he died on May 6th, 1916, at the age of seventy. He was a faithful minister, an able and fearless preacher of the gospel, a diligent bible student, a zealous educationalist, and an uncompromising protestant. He was canon of Sheffield Cathedral. ERNEST VORES EVERARD, M.A., vicar of St. James', Sheffield, was, in 1912, appointed to St. Philip's. "He was a liberal Evangelical in his views and methods, and had a straightforward, breezy style, and an unruffled geniality, which gained him popularity wherever he went. He was a hard worker, and could sing and play the piano well. Some people knew him as the 'singing parson.' " He died with startling suddenness on January 14th, 1917, at Newcastle, as he rose to address a gathering of soldiers. HENRY CECIL, A.K.C., curate of the Cathedral Church, was in 1917 appointed to the vicarage of St. Philip, where he remained until 1926, when he was preferred to that of St. Barnabas, Sheffield. ERNEST WILLIAM SELWYN, M.A., of Queens' College, Cambridge, and Ridley hall, curate of St. George's, the present vicar, was appointed in 1926. ASSISTANT CURATES 1836-1838 G.M. CARRICK 1839-1844 JOHN GWYTHER 1850-1851 G. EASTMAN 1852-1855 A.B. WHALTON 1855-1860 J.F. WRIGHT 1861-1862 WILLIAM MARSHALL, became rector of St. Paul's, Manchester, 1871 1863-1867 C. SISUM WRIGHT, vicar of St. Silas', Sheffield, 1869-78; vicar of Doncaster, 1878-1903; .................. Canon of York, died 1903. 1866-1870 CRESWELL ROBERTS, left in 1870 for Marston Magna, Somerset. 1867-1870 H.J. BARTON, formerly a missionary in India. 1871-1874 W.G. FERRY, deceased. 1875-1897 C.R. KILLICK, vicar of Holy Trinity, Runcorn, 1897-1923, retired. 1878-1882 C.J. PARMINTER, deceased. 1880-1881 J.P. CORT, vicar of Sale, Cheshire, deceased. 1882-1892 J. TURTON PARKIN, vicar of Wadsley, 1894-1902, died 1902. 1898-1899 S.R. ANDERSON, now incumbent of Lisnaskea, Co. Fermanagh. 1899-1911 T. COWPE LAWSON, now vicar of Castle Bytham, Grantham. 1899-1906 P.H. FEARNLEY, now vicar of St. Luke's, Formby, Liverpool. 1906-1909 R.N. DEWE, now vicar of Balne, near Snaith. 1911-1912 S.R. BUTTERTON, now vicar of St. Nathanael's, Sheffield. 1913-1915 T. STANTON, now vicar of St. Matthew's, Wolverhampton. 1915-1917 T.H. PRIESTNALL, now vicar of Whittle-le-Woods, Chorley. 1917-1919 F.L. PEDLEY, now vicar of St. Oswald's, Little Horton. 1921-1923 H. CARD, now curate-in-charge of St. Hilda's Conventional District, Thurnscoe. 1924- J.M. BORROW THE SCRIPTURE READERS - Include the late Mr. W. Whitehead, who was a Reader for nearly forty years, Mr. Jackson, and Mr. Goddard who died in the Church when about to read the lesson. CHURCHWARDENS, 1828-1928 1828 ROBERT JOHNSON 1831 W.F.DIXON - J. WATSON 1832 W.F.DIXON - J. WATSON 1834 PAUL BRIGHT - JOHN JACKSON 1836 R. YEOMANS 1840-2 CHARLES F. YOUNGE - W.I. HORN 1841-2 H. WHEAT - W.I. HORN 1842-3 HENRY WHEAT - DANL. GREENWOOD 1843-5 DANL. GREENWOOD - Wm. BADGER 1847 JOSEPH WARNER - JAMES KIRKMAN 1848-59 Names not available 1860 EDWARD BROWN - FRED MAUNDER 1863-4 FRED MAUNDER - GARLAND 1868-9 R.W. MARSHALL - A. BUCKLE, B.A. 1870-3 J.L. COCKAYNE - EDWARD BROWN 1873-7 THOMAS BIGGIN - JOSEPH PICKERING 1877-80 EDWIN LEADBEATER - JOSEPH PICKERING 1880-1 EDWIN LEADBEATER - C.E. DICKINSON 1881-4 EDWIN LEADBEATER - H. ELLIOTT 1885-9 EDWIN LEADBEATER - W.H. BARNES 1889-91 EDWIN LEADBEATER - H. ELLIOTT 1891-2 C.E. DICKINSON - H. ELLIOTT 1892-3 JOHN SUTTON - CHARLES BURGON 1893-5 CHARLES BURGON - C.E. DICKINSON 1895-1900 W.P. KENYON - H. GREGORY 1900-3 W.P. KENYON - C.E. DICKINSON 1903-4 G. JOHNSON - C.E. DICKINSON 1904-11 C.E. DICKINSON - JOHN BARBER 1911-12 JOHN BARBER - E.B. WILKINSON 1912-13 J.W. ILIFFE - W. WILD 1913-14 E.B. WILKINSON - W. WILD 1914-15 H.B. JACKSON - W. WILD 1915-24 J.F. MITCHELL - W. WILD 1924-5 W. WILD - W.B. STATHER 1925-7 W. WILD - A. DIXON 1927-8 J.F. MITCHELL - A. DIXON ORGANISTS THOMAS FRITH, 1840-1843 F.J. LEESON, 1843-1845 J.E.NEWTON, 1845-1847 (possibly longer) GEORGE LEE, 1866-1877 SAMUEL SUCKLEY, 1877-1879 JOSEPH BEAUMONT, 1879-1903 E.L. MITCHELL, 1903-1915 Mr. ELLISS, 1916-1917 Mr. DYSON, 1917- IRVIN SENIOR, Mr. MILLINGTON, 1920- T, WILLIAMS, 1920-1923 J.T. WATSON, 1923-1928 CHURCHWARDEN'S ACCOUNTS On going through a bundle of old Churchwardens' accounts in the early years of St. Philip's I found many of much interest. Here is one wholly in Montgomery's handwriting. After an item for printing 5,000 hymns and prayers for foundation laying at St. George's, at 2/- per 100, £5, follow those relating to St. Philip's: March 19th, 1822, advertising contracts wanted for new Church of St. Philip's 10/2. September 24th, dinner on laying foundation of St. Philip's Church 7/-. Ditto, procession 11/6. Ditto, thanks to Freemasons 7/-. Printing 500 hymns ditto, 13/-. Other items bring the total to £10 12s. 2d. The account was paid by Mr. Rowland Hodgson, on September 22nd, 1826. Amongst other accounts are the following: July 1828, H.A. Bacon, 19, Angel Street, printer and publisher of the Sheffield Independent, for advt. opening of the Church, etc. 15/6. March 1828, to George Ridge, printer, Stamp Office and Mercury Office, King Street, £3 10s. for printing tickets, receipts, and 2,000 bills "pews to let." July 1828, to John Blackwell, the Sheffield Iris, £1 12s. for advertising consecration and sermons. July 1828, to J.C. Platt & Co., printers and booksellers, Courant Newspaper Office, 6, Haymarket 16/-, advt. "pews to let." August 1833, to Porter and Taylor, 7, High Street, for communion wine, "one doz. very rich old port £1 18s." Others include payments to organists and singers, e.g.- January 1845, £20 to J.E. Newton "for one year's services as Organist." December 1843, £6 5s. to J.F. Leeson, "a quarter's salary as Organist." May 1833, 15s. to John South "for singing ten Sundays at St. Philip's Church." The sum of £11 14s. 11d. was paid to the Sheffield Gaslight Company for gas during 1842; and in 1845, £2 17s. 8d. to Joseph Scorthorne for "6 tons 17 cwt. of coal at 6/6 per ton." CHOIR RULES Here are rules made about 1834, "to be observed by the choir in order to promote the more regular attendance and to preserve the respectability of the choir of singers assembling at St. Philip's Church":- 1. That the time of practice shall commence at eight o'clock in the evening and conclude at nine, or a quarter past. 2. That on each night of meeting those not attending at eight o'clock shall forfeit a penny, and for non-attendance to ... forfeit twopence. 3. That the forfeits to be paid into the hand of the clerk, and the gross amount at the end of each year to be expended ... at a meeting of the choir in such manner as shall be agreed upon by the majority. 4. That on Sundays, if any of the choir are absent at the commencement of service, they shall each forfeit one penny; .... if absent half a day to forfeit threepence each, and if the whole day to forfeit sixpence each. 5. That sickness only shall be cause of exemption from the above forfeits. 6. That the clerk is requested to keep a book in which he will enter the attendance and forfeitures respectively. These rules agreed to, and signed by Paul Bright and John Jackson, Churchwardens, James Lee, William Horsfield, Wm. Lee, George Gill, Wm. Whitehead, Sarah Heald, Elizabeth France, and Mary Ann Smith. THE INFIRMARY Almost opposite to St. Philip's Church are the extensive buildings of the Royal Infirmary (formerly called the General Infirmary). The first block was built in 1797. It was on part of the Infirmary estate, which had been acquired in exchange by Mr. Philip Gell, that St. Philip's Church was erected. In September, 1849, a sermon in aid of the Infirmary was preached in the Church by Dr. Musgrave, Archbishop of York, the collection amounting to £92 10s. The Infirmary now contains 500 beds, and in 1927 had 6,237 in-patients, 22,727 out-patients; in addition to which 20,213 accidents and emergencies were treated. The chaplaincy was for many years held by the vicars of Walkley, but in 1927 the present vicar of St. Philip's was appointed that post. THE BARRACKS The Sheffield Barracks, amongst the finest in the kingdom, standing on 25 acres of land, and fronting Langsett Road, completed in 1850 in place of the old barracks were then in St. Philip's parish. Before the garrison Church was built the officers and soldiers used to march with their band to St. Philip's Church every Sunday, when the Church was usually full. Here is a story of those days. Mr. Robert Jobson, one of the founders of the stove-grate works at Roscoe Place, near to St. Philip's, was a regular attendant at the Church. It is said that he was the last Sheffielder to adhere to the old fashion of wearing his hair in a pigtail or queue. One Sunday as he sat in his pew, he became conscious of some movement behind him, and detected an officer of the 3rd Light Dragoons in the pew behind, pretending to cut the pigtail by moving his first and second fingers as if they were scissors. Mr. Jobson said nothing, but the next day called at the barracks, and interviewed the commander, Lord Robert Manners. The military joker got a good wigging, and made an ample apology, accompanied by a contribution of £5 to the Infirmary. In January 1834, the wardens of St. Philip's received from the War Office a letter enclosing thirty shillings as an annual subscription from the War Department for Church expenses, in addition to the rent of the pew occupied by the officers. THE GREAT FLOOD St. Philip's parish suffered severely in the terrible flood of 12th March, 1864, which involved the loss of 240 lives, the flooding of 4,000 houses, and immense destruction of property. I well remember some of the sad scenes I witnessed at that time. The lower side of the parish from Hillsborough to Shales Moor, felt the full force of the flood. The waters touched the walls of the churchyard, and amongst those who perished were a large number of residents in the parish. The Rev. Charles Sisum Wright, afterwards vicar of St. Silas, Sheffield, and subsequently vicar of Doncaster, was curate of St. Philip's, and lived at Philadelphia House near the Don. He related how the flood rose considerably above his garden wall which was eight feet high. When day dawned the garden was covered with a thick layer of mud in which was embedded a horse, which the flood had carried from its stable over the garden wall. It had on its halter to which a heavy stone was attached. Although much exha! usted it ultimately recovered. *************************** Such is the story of St. Philip's, its beginnings, growth, and work, during the first hundred years of its existence. it has filled a large niche in the history of our city. What of its future ? This, under God, depends in great measure upon the earnest, prayerful, and self sacrificing efforts of its workers and worshippers. As we survey the past with its many changes, we may look to the unknown future with unabated confidence and hope. We live in a new age, an age of opportunity, when the Church of God is confronted with new forces, faced with new and difficult problems, and called upon to make new sacrifices. Amid greatly changed conditions and with special needs, the Clergy, Wardens and Council of St. Philip's boldly, and not without confidence, ask for a Centenary Birthday Gift of £2000. The sum of £1,000 is desired for new choir stalls and communion rails, new chancel pavement, and a new reredos worthy of the fine Church at a cost of £425, of which £100 is yet required. £200 is needed for extensive repairs to the roof, pointing of the stone work, and new fall-pipes, already partly carried out. £250 is needed for renovating and decorating the interior of the Church, besides which a considerable sum is wanted for the improvement of the organ including pneumatic action and an electric blower. To meet all these needs, most of which are urgent, self-sacrifice and generous gifts are called for. May St. Philip's long continue to be a burning and a shining light amid the thousands of busy workers by whom it is surrounded, and also a faithful witness to the Truth of the Eternal Gospel of the Grace of God as revealed by the great Head of the Church, our Lord Jesus Christ, Who is the "same yesterday, and to-day, and for ever." THY KINGDOM COME Composed by James Montgomery, for St. Philip's Bazaar, May 1850 Send out thy light and truth, O God ! With sound of trumpet from above ; Break not the nations with Thy rod, But draw them as with cords of love : Justice and mercy meet. Thy work is well begun, Through every clime, their feet, Who bring salvation, run ; In Earth as Heaven, Thy will be done Before Thee every idol fall, Rend the false Prophet's vail of lies ; The fullness of the Gentiles call, Be Israel saved, let Jacob rise ; Thy Kingdom come indeed, Thy Church with union bless, All scripture be her creed, And every tongue confess One Lord - the Lord of Righteousness. Now for the travail of His soul, Messiah's peaceful reign advance ; From sun to sun, from pole to pole, He claims His pledged inheritance ; O Thou Most Mighty ! gird Thy sword upon Thy thigh, That two-edged sword, thy Word, By which Thy foes shall die, Then spring, new-born, beneath Thine eye. So perish all Thine enemies ; Their enmity alone be slain ; Them, in the arms of mercy seize, Breathe, and their souls shall come again : So, may Thy friends at length, Oft smitten, oft laid low, Forth, like the Sun in strength, Conquering to conquer go : Till to Thy throne all nations flow. ST. PHILIP'S CHURCH, SHEFFIELD, 1928. HOURS OF SERVICE SUNDAYS --- Morning Service at 11: Evening Service at 6-30. Holy Communion at 8 a.m. every Sunday; 11a.m. 1st and 3rd Sundays, and 7-45 p.m. 4th Sunday. Children's Service at 2-45 p.m. 1st Sunday. WEDNESDAYS --- Holy Communion at 7-30 a.m. Intercessions and Address at 7-45 p.m. SAINTS DAYS --- Holy Communion at 7-30 a.m. Holy Baptism and Churchings: Sundays, 4 p.m. Wednesdays, 7 p.m. Marriages: By arrangement any weekday. CLERGY: The Rev. E.W. SELWYN, M.A., Vicar, the Vicarage, 104, Upperthorpe. The Rev. J.M. BORROW, A.K.C., 43 Oakland Road, Hillsboro'. Hon. Diocesan Reader---Dr. H. Caiger, F.R.C.S., 79, Upper Hanover Street. Lady Worker---Miss C. Goddard. Organist & Choirmaster---Mr. J.T. Watson, 32, Conduit Road. Churchwardens---Mr. J.F. Mitchell and Mr. A. Dixon. Parochial Church Council---Secretary, Mr. E. Cook, 75, Wynyard Road; Treasurer, Mr. A. Lofthouse, 85, Meadow Street. Verger Mr. W.C.H. Wood, 34, Matthew Street. Sunday Schools, Hoyle Street and in the Church. Bible Classes for Young Men and Young Women, Eversley House. Day Schools, Hoyle Street---Headmaster (Mixed Dept.) Mr. M. Green, 278, Granville Road. Headmistress (Infants' Dept.) Miss Thompson, 105, Burngreave Road. EVERSLEY HOUSE. Clubs for Men and Girls, etc. Other Parochial Organisations include the Church of England Men's Society, the Mothers' Union, Girls' Friendly Society, Women's Fellowship, Boy Scouts and Wolf Cubs, Girl Guides and Brownies, Children's Church, Band of Hope, Football Club, Church Missionary Society Branch, Church Pastorial Aid Society Branch. Centenary Commemoration Services. During June a Crusade was conducted by past Curates of St. Philip's, who preached each Sunday and held Open-air Services. BIRTHDAY WEEK. Sunday, July 1st, 11 a.m., The Ven. the Archdeacon of Sheffield. The Master Cutler (Percy Lee, Esq.) will attend. 6-30 p.m., Canon F.G. Scovell. The Lord Mayor of Sheffield will attend. Monday, July 2nd, 8 p.m., Canon Trevor Lewis. Sunday, July 8th, 11 a.m., The Lord Bishop of Sheffield. Special R.A.O.B. Parade. 6-30 p.m., Rev. E.W. Selwyn, Vicar. GARDEN FETE On Saturday, June 30th, 8 to 10 p.m. at Banner Cross Hall, Ecclesall, (by kind permission of David Flather, Esq.) Opener, Mrs. J.W. Fawcett, Chairman, Samuel Osborn, Esq. A BAZAAR, will be held in the Cutlers' Hall, on October 18th, 19th and 20th, 1928. Credits Source - http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~engsheffield/ Please visit the site linked - it's excellent and has many interesting articles on Sheffield and it's historical past !
  12. and just to mess with your mind, here's a line from 1852 that potentially blowns the whole thing to smithereens ... 2 Coal Pit Lane/Cross Burgess Street, Matthew Osborne, Union (1845-1862) (Now, if the Union, became The Albert, all is good and the Directory compiler had a wobbly; if now number 2 Coalpit Lane is halfway down the street, under John Lewis on Cross Burgess Street !!! you figure it out !
  13. If you look on our A to Z of pubs you will see there are 4 Yellow Lion's 12 Haymarket 59 Clifton Street , Attercliffe High Street , Unstone 1 Coal Pit Lane. I have seen Alfred Hukin somewhere at another pub but I can't remember which one it is now. The reason I took notice was because of the name Hukin, a distant ancestor. At a guess I would say it was 1 Coal Pit Lane but I'm sure some of our experts will come up with the correct answer.
  14. Beer Retailers 1834 ." R " Pigots Radford Elijah , Ecclesall New Road Reaney Thomas , 38 Matthew Street Renwick John , 63 Coal Pit Lane Revell William , 4 Charles Street Rhodes William, Harvest Lane Ridge George , Allen Street Ripley William, Edward Srtreet Roberts William , 9 Waingate Rodgers John , Spitalfields Rowley John , New Street Park Rowlinson John , Green Lane Ryals George , Pitt's Moor
  15. 1834 Beer Retailers F Pigot's Faris William , Water Lane Fidler Robert , Pig Market Flather Thomas, 9 Cornhill Foster Charles , 29 Coal Pit Lane Foster John , 62 Carver Street. Fox Edward , Campo Lane. Fox Henry , 26 South Street Froggatt Samuel , Broomhall Street Froggatt Thomas , Saville Street Froggatt William , Matthew Street Frudd Jacob , Andrew Street
  16. Beer Retailers 1834 B Pigot's Bagley George, Bailey Lane Baker William , Pond Street Ball Ann , Pitsmoor Ball William , Meadow Street Barker Thomas , Coal Pit Lane Barlow Henry Lambert Street Bates James , 5 Arundel Street Beech James , 9 Nursery Street Beighton Thomas , Cumberland Street Bell Joseph , Hanover Street Berley Joseph , Heeley Burkinshaw James, 60 Shalesmoor Birtles Francis , Club Gardens Bishop Jane , Trafalgar Street Blackburn John , Eyre Lane Blurton Anthony, 19 New Church Street Booth James , Backfields Bower Joseph , Brammall Lane Bradshaw Mary , 34 Bridge Street Brett John , Porter Street Brien Thomas , Bishop Street. Brittlebank Abraham, 9 Matthew Street Burgin John , Hoyle Street. Buxton William, Hawley Croft.
  17. 1830 Publicans Waggon & Horses. Upper Heeley.George Barker. Waggon & Horses. Millhouses,James Smith. Warm Hearthstone. 1 Townhead Street. Samuel Moore & Co Waterloo . Watson's Walk. Ann Ashley. Wellington, Darnall. William Hardcastle. Wellington. 10 Coal Pit Lane. Elias Shirt. Well -Run -Dimple . 63 Barker's Pool. John Allison Wentworth House. Rockingham Street.Francis Castleton. Wharncliffe Arms. 96 West Street.John Wilkinson. Wheat Sheaf. Park Head,. Josepgh Barker. White Bear. 22 High Street. George Moor. White Hart. Waingate. Charles Hammond. White Hart. Attercliffe. William Weightman. White Horse. Wadsley. Nicol Bramall. White Horse. 34 Copper Street.Jn Hopkinson White Horse . 31 Solly Street. John Saville. White Lion. 2 Wicker. Elizabeth England. White Lion.West Bar Green, William King. White Lion. Lower Heeley. George Reynolds. White Swan . 29 West Bar.James Marchinton. Woodman. 68 South Street. James Marshall. Woodman's inn. Edward Street.Margaret Hill. Yellow Lion. 1 Coal Pit Lane.Elizabeth Shaw. Yellow Lion. 18 Haymarket.William Wright. Yew Tree . Malin Bridge.Benjamin Shaw. Yorkshire Cricketers . Pea Croft.. Thomas Marsden. The end of 1830's publicans list. Some of these precede the dates given on the A to Z
  18. 1830 Publicans Tankard , 42 Broad Street. Charles Haslehurst Tankard , Little Pond Street.Thomas Kay. Theatre Tavern, 12 Arundel Street. Thomas Wiley. Three Cranes, Queen Street. Benjamin Smith. Three Stags Heads , 39 Pinstone Street.James Waterson. Three Tuns, Silver Street Head, William Banks Three Tuns. Orchard Street..Jonathan Higgingbottom. Three Tuns. 22 Bridge Street. Richard Whitlam Three Whitesmiths. 1 Bridge Street. Mary Darling. Travellers . Attercliffe. William Banks. Travellers . Broomhill. William Burgess. Travellers Wadsley Bridge. George Mills. Turf , Silver Street . John Caudwell. ?????? Turk's Head. Scotland Street.Eliza Priest. Twelve O'clock. Walk Mill. Hanna Greaves. Union. 69 Coal Pit Lane.William Axe. Union . 17 Fargate.Matthew Coxon. Union. 22 Scotland Street. Thomas Hunt. Union. Bridgehouses. Samuel Lockwood. Union. 32 Furnace Hill. Joseph Taylor. Union , Silver Street Head.James Wiglesworth. Vine, Hartshead. Walter Saxon. Posted to A to Z
  19. 1830 Publicans Saddle , West Street. Benjamin Armitage. St Georges Tavern, Broad Lane. Joseph Shirtcliff St Ledger, 76 Pinstone Street.William Featherstone. Sampson & Lion [ The Lion ? ] Pea Croft. Martin Oliver Seven Stars, 74 Trippet Lane . Thomas Beet. Seven Stars, Shiregreen. Mary Oxspring. Shakespear , 18 Sycamore Street. William Hakes. Shakespear , Upper Heeley Martha Robinson. Sheaf Tavern , Park . John Thorp Sheffield Arms , 43 Meadow Street.Richard Alexander. Ship, Water Lane. William Faris. Sir F Burdett, Pond Hill.Richard Hartley. Sir John Falstaff, 59 Wicker.William Cooper Sportsman's Group. 5 Fargate.Samuel Roberts. Sportsman's Inn. Walkley. George Hobson. Sportsman's Inn. 39 Bridgehouses. Mary Matthewman. Sportman's Inn. 29 West Bar. William Norman Sportsman's inn. 58 Coal Pit Lane, John Oates. Sportsman's Inn. Pit's Moor. Joseph Yardley. Spread Eagle, 19 High Street.. William Clifton. Stag, 12 Carver Street. Thomas Outram. Stag, Malin Bridge, Peter Webster. Stag's Head , Sharrow Head. Robert Marples. Star, Wadsley. Mary Barker. Star , White Croft, John Hadfield Star, 23 Fruit Market. William Rodgers Star, 29 Gibralter Street. George Smith Star, Owlerton. George Woodhouse. Swan, 8 Burgess Street. Joseph Emmott. Swan, 9 Furnival Street.Thomas Morley. Posted to A to Z
  20. 1830 Publicans Q in the Corner , 9 Paradise Sq. Ann Sykes. Queen's Head , Campo Lane. John Fordham. Queen's Head , Attercliffe. John Smith. Queen's Head, 11 Sheaf Street. Sarah Taylor. Queen's Head, 13 Castle Street.William Travis Red Lion, 50 Duke Street. Joseph Belk. Red Lion, James Doughty, 8 Smithfield. Red Lion, 48 Coal Pit Lane. Daniel Kite Red Lion, 30 Hartshead. Isaac Marshall Red Lion, 33 Holly Street Joshua Perkington Red Lion 17 Charles Street . John Sanderson. Red Lion, Lower Heeley . John White Reuben's Head. 43 Burgess Street. Edward Stone. Rising Sun, Little Common William Loukes Rising Sun , 45 South Street,Moor, William Walton. Robin Hood , 95 Duke Street . John Goulder. Robin Hood & Little John, Attercliffe.Isaac Bailey. Robin Hood & Little John . Millhouses.Ann Lingard. Rockingham Arms, 66 Rockingham Street.. Sarah Morton. Rodney, Loxley, Thomas Wilde Rodney Arms 33 Fargate. William Wagstaff. Rose & Crown, 9 Paternoster Row. Abel Roper. Rose & Crown , Waingate. Richard White. Rose & Crown , 9 Holly Street.Ann Williamson Royal Hotel , 75 Eyre Lane.Edwin Unwin. Royal Mail , Glossop Road.Samuel Eyre. Royal Oak , 44 West Bar Green, Charles Hobson. Royal Oak, Hollis Croft. Peter Slack. Royal Oak, 7 Pond Street. George Stocks. Royal Oak, Allen Street, William Wall. Rutland Arms, 1 Brown Street.William Burton. Posted to A to Z
  21. Took some extracting using Excel (=find(), =(mid), sorting, writing out to .txt files, importing from .txt and lots of Copy, Paste Special, Value), I've been using spreadsheets since 1984 (before DOS, it was Visicalc on a Tandy TRS-80, VisiCalc), anyway I'll let Tsavo explain the details !!! ; this stuff is the Victuallers only. 1822 to follow, when I have the time. ? (Hikes Edward, Victualler, Ball And Whitesmith, 8, Spring Allan John,Victualler, Butcher's Arms, 27,Townhead St. Allen Joseph,Victualler, Orange Branch, 58, Hollis Croft Allison Edward, Victualler, Barrel, Little Sheffield Allison John, Victualler, Well Run Dimple, 58, Fargate Alsop Thomas, Victualler, Chequers, 43, Coal Pit Lane Amery Abraham, Victualler, Crown And Cushion, 8, Old Street. P. Appleyard John, Victualler, Waggon And Horses, 13, Arundel Street Arinitage Benjamin, Victualler, Saddle Inn, West St. Arnold Luke, Victualler, Hussar, 13, Scotland St, Baker William, Victualler, Balloon Tavern, Sycamore Street Beadle Elizabeth, Victualler, Old London Apprentice, 25, Beal Enoch, Victualler, Grapes Inn, 53, Trippet Lane Beardshaw Jonathan, Victualler, Ball, 17, Hawley Croft Beet Benjamin, Victualler, Shakespear Inn, 48, Gibraltar St. Beet Edward, Victualler, Seven Stars, 78, Trippet In. Belk John, Victualler, Red Lion, Duke St. P. Benson Joseph, Victualler, Old Crown, Little Sheffield Beresford William, Victualler, Cossack, 19, Howard St. Biggin Thomas, Victualler, Chequers, And Scissor Manufacturer Birks John, Victualler, Stag Inn, 14, Carver St. Biuns James, Victualler, Bridge Inn, Bridgehouses Brailsford Mary, Victualler, Cross Keys, Shude Hill Bramley Mary, Victualler, Union, And Liquor Merchant, 7 Bramley Thomas, Victualler, Dog And Partridge, And Liquor Bray George, Victualler, Ball, 4, Lambert St. Bray John, Victualler, Little Tankards, West Bar Green Bray Joseph, Victualler, Ball, Green In. Bray Joseph, Victualler, Industry, And Wine And Spirit Dealer Bridge Jacob, Victualler, Green Man, 4, New Church St. Brindley James, Victualler, Checquers, Rough Bank, P. Broadbent John, Victualler, Bull And Mouth Inn, Waingate Broadley William, Victualler, Devonshire Arms, Division St. Brumby Charles, Victualler, Bay Childers, (And Billiards) High Street Byre Benjamin, Victualler, Old Turk'S Head, 59, Scotland St. Cadrnan John, Victualler, Prince Of Wales, 1, Sycamore St. Carriss Rohert, Victualler, Barrel, 13, Pond St. Chadwick William, Victualler, Nursery Tavern, Nursery St Chambers William, Victualler, Barrel, 24, Water Ln. Champion Isaac, Victualler; Hope & Anchor Bridgehouses Clark George, Victualler, White Lion, 2, Wicker Cockin William, Victualler, Union, 16, Lambert St. Collier George, Victualler, Old Cricket Players, 69, Coal Pit Lane Cooke John, Victualler, Grey Horse, And Licensed To Let Saddle Horses And Gigs, High Street Cooper George, Victualler, Reuben'S Head, 43, Burgess Street Cooper John, Victualler, Green Dragon, 12, Queen Street Cooper Joseph, Victualler, Falcon Inn, 63, Pea Croft Cooper Martha, Victualler, Hare And Hounds, 36, Trinity St. Cooper William, Victualler, Sir John Falstaff, 66, Wicker Corker Alice, Victualler, Vine Tavern, 17, Furnace Hill Could Jonathan, Victualler, Brown Cow, 1, Red Croft Couldez?*!In, Victualler, Robin Hood, 74, Duke Street, P. Cowley Leonard, Victualler, Angel Inn, 105, South St. Crantham Robert, Victualler, Cherry Tree, Gibraltar Street Crawahaw Cassey, Victualler, Bay Horse, 29, Westbar Green Crich John, Victualler, Black Swan Inn, 2, Snig Hill Crowushaw Thomas, Victualler, Horse And Garter, 34, Daflin Joseph, Victualler, Dolphin, Brocco (Bank?) Daft Frederick, Victualler, Coach And Horses, 1, Water In. Daft John, Victualler, Cutler'S Arms, And Nottingham House, Darling Mary, Victualler, Three Whitesmiths, 1, Bridge St. Deakin Peter, Victualler, Great Tankard, 62, West Bar Green Doughty James, Victualler, Greyhound, 30, Gibraltar St. Dutton John, Victualler, Pheasant Inn, 40, Carver St. Dyson John, Victualler, Swan With Two Necks, 8, Furnival St. Ellison Luke, Victualler, Barrel, Pinstone St. Elliss Joseph, Victualler, Twelve O'Clock, Bottom Of Wicker Elliss Sarah, Victualler, Blue Bell, High St. Elsworth Edward, Victualler, Royal Oak, West Bar Green Emmett Joseph, Victualler, Black Swan, 9, Burgess St. Fearn George, Victualler, Brown Cow, Radford Street Fearnehough William, Victualler, Ball, Pea Croft Fearnley William, Victualler, Rose And Crown, Silver Street Featherstone Willi Am, Victualler, St. Ledger'S Inn, Pinstone St. Fellsten Thomas, Victualler, Ball, 62, Wicker Fielding Hannah, Victuler; Punch Bowl, 69, South St. Flakes William, Victualler, Crown And Shakespear, 10, Sycamore Street Flint William, Victualler, Parrot, South Street Fowler Robert, Victualler, Ship, 14, Water Lane Fox Joseph, Paviour And Victualler, Star, 26, Gibraltar St. Frith Jessey, Victualler, Milton Arms, Bailey Lane Furniss Thomas, Victualler, Old Crown, Grindlegate Garside Joseph, Victualler, Coachmakers' Arms, South Street Gillatt Enoch, Victualler, Golden Cock; 53, Broad Street, P. Goodwin James, Victualler, Anvil, South Street Greaves Charles, Victualler, Corn Mill Inn, 20, Smithfield Greaves George, Victualler, George And Dragon, 91, West ? Green Joseph, Victualler, Catler'S Arms, 3, New Church St. Greenwood Richard, Victualler, Daggers Ian, Market Place Gyte William, Victualler, Pie House, 5, Scotland Street Haigh John, Victualler, Brown Cow, 6, Bridgehouses Haliam William, Victualler, Barrel, 57, Charles St. Hammond Charles, Victualler, White Hart, 5, Waingate Hanson Jervis, Victualler, Cross Daggers, 35, West Bar Green Harker John, Victualler, Blue Bell, 13, Jehu Lane Harrison James, Victualler, Red Lieu, 4$, Coal Pit Lane Hartley Benjanun, Victualler, Mitre Inn, 27, Orchard St. Haslehurst Charles, Victualler, Tankard And Punch Bowl, And Spirit Dealer, 48, Broad St, Park Henderson Samuel, Victualler, Cock, Hollis Croft Henley Margaret, Victualler, Hotel, Haymarket Henson John, Victualler, Bay Childers, Bridge Street Higginbotham John, Victualler, Three Tuns, 16, Orchard St. Hill Henry, Victualler, Peacock Inn, Hoyle Street Hobley Thomas, Victualler, Cleakham Inn, Cornish Place Holland Martha, Victualler, Ball, 39, Forge Lane Holland Robert, Victualler, Blue Boar, 59, West Bar Holland Williara,Victualler, Castle Inn, Snighill, Facing Angel St. Hoole William, Victualler, Barrel, :34, Peacroft Housley George, Victualler, Fortune Of War, 62, Scotland St. Howe Ellis, Victualler, Angel, And Painter, 87, Westbar Green Hughes. Norris, Victualler, 20, Silver St Hulley Francis, Victualler, Globe, 15, Porter St. Hunt Thomas, Victualler, Ball Inn, Furnace Hill Hunter William, Victualler, Gate, 45, Duke Street, P. Husband William Victualler, Barrel, Hawley Croft Hutchinson William, Victualler, Crown, 10, Pinstone St. Jackson Joseph, Victualler, Cannon, 8, Scotland St. Jackson Richard, Victualler, Woolpack, Eat St. ? Kay Thomas, Victualler, Tankard, 27, Pond St. Kinder Mary, Victualler, Hen And Chickens, Castle Green Lamb Amy, Victualler, Lamb, 31, Howard St. Lambert John, Victualler, Tontine Inn, (Posting House) Law William, Victualler, Packhorse, 09, Westbar Lawton John, Victualler, King'S Head, Neeps End Lbbotson Thomas, `Victualler, Cock, 6, Paradise Square Lee Thomas, Victualler, Bay Horse, 89, South St. Linley Samuel, Victualler, Oxford Blue, 15, Burgess St. Lloyd Faulk,Victualler, White Lion, 25, West Bar Green Lnwton Mary, Victualler, Crown, 8, Duke Street, P. Lockwood Samuel, Victualler, Union, Bridgehouses Loy J. Victualler, Brick Makers Arms, Coalpit Lane Lyre Elizabeth, Victualler, Ball, 30, Duke Street P. Machan Joseph, Victualler, Old Harrow, Harvest Lane Marples George, Victualler, Stag, 14, Carver St. Marshall Henry, Victualler, Ball, 28, Townhead St. Marshall James, Victualler, Woodman, South St Mason Jane, Victualler, Feathers, 55, High At. P. Matthewman Mary, Victualler, Sportsman, Bridgehouses Maweon Michael Sefton, Victualler, White Horse, 22 Solly St. Merril John, Victualler, Star, And Penknife Manufacturer, 38 Pea Croft Middleton Edward, Victualler, Dog And Partridge, 53 Coal Pit Lane Mirfin Thomas, Victualler, Gate, Hollis Croft Mitward Ann, Victualler, Black Horse, Howard St. Moore George, Victualler, White Bear, High St. Moorhouse Thomas, Victualler,, Red Lion, 32, Hartshead Morton Sarah, Victualler, Rockingham, Rockingham St Mosley George, Victualler, King And Miller, 76, Norfolk St. Neville William, Victualler, Neville'S Tavern, Campo Lane Norman William, Victualler, Sportsman's Inn, 21, West Bar Ogden Jeremiah, Victualler, Ball, 61, Pye Bank Ogle Joshua, Victualler, Mermaid, Orchard St. Okiham Llanimtb, Victualler5 Black Horse, Jericho Pallett George, Victualler, Golden Ball, Grindle Gate Pattinson Ann, Victualler, Spread Eagle, And Spirit Dealer Perkinton Joshua, Victualler, Red Lion, 54, Holly St. Petty Mary, Victualler', Ball, 56, Pond Lane Pinder John, Victualler, Barrel, 3, Pond St. Platta Robert, Victualler, Black Swan, 3, Fargate Priest Elizabeth, Victualler, Turk'S Head, Scotland St. Pryor Samuel, Victualler, Dove And Rainbow,Hartahsead Rainsay Thomas, Victualler, Cup, Market St. Reynolds George, Victualler, Three Tuna, 22, Bridge St Richards John, Victualler, Fountain, 7, Pinfold St. Richardson William, Victualler, Traveller'S Inn, 10, Snig Hill Robinson Thomas, Victualler, Milton'S Head, Allen St Rodgers Thomas, Victualler, Royal Oak, 8, Pond St. Rose John, Victualler, File Smith'S Arms, 91, Pea Croft Rose Thomas, Victualler, Bee Hive, Glossop Road Saville George, Victualler, Pump Tavern, 4, Earl St. Sayles William, Victualler, Ball Jim, , Norfolk St. Saynor John, `Victualler, Bowling Green, Barrack Tavern Schofield Anthony, Victualler, Cutler'S Inn, 86 Fargate Shaw Elizabeth, Victualler, Yellow Lion, Coalpit Lane Shaw Joseph, Victualler, Ball, Burgess St. Shin Elms, Victualler Wellington Tavern, 10, Coalpit Lane Shirt Joseph, Victualler, White Horse, 33, Copper St Shirtcliff John, Victualler, Fox And Duck Inn, 96, Broad Lane Shirteliff Joseph, Victualler? St. George'S Tavern, 35, Broad Simmonite John, Victualler, Navigation Inn, Castle Fields Simpson James, Victualler, Anvil, 23, Waingate Simpson Thomas, Victualler, Barrel, 92, Broad St. P. Slack Ann, Victualler, Finer Delis, Angel St. Smith Benjamin, Victualler, King'S Arms, 9? Fargate Smith Benjamin, Victualler, Three Cranes, 18, Queen St. Smith James, Victualler, Punch Bowl, 35, Bridge St. Smith John, Victualler, Pheasant Ian, Broad St. P. Sowter Whittington, Victualler Barrel, I, Townhead St. Staniforth James, Victualler, Three Tuns, Silver St. Head Staniforth Luke, Victualler, (Black Swan) 16, Pond St, Steer Joseph, Victualler, Royal Oak, Hollis Croft Stephens Antipas, Victualler, Golden Ball, Campo Lane. Stephenson Job, Victualler, Rose And Crown, 29, Waingate Stringer Joseph, Victualler, Blue Boy, Moor Fields Swallow William, Victualler, Grapes, Church St. Sykes George, Victualler, Home And Jockey, 10, Tenter St Tasker John, Victualler, Nagshead, Nagshead Yd. Haymarket Taylor John, Victualler, Queen'S Head, 14, Sheaf St. Taylor Joseph, Victualler, Union, 31, Furnace Hill Thorpe John, Victualler, Punch Bowl, Silver St, Head Townend William, Victualler, Ball, 23, Oborne St. Traviss William, Victualler, Queen'S Head, 13, Castle St. Turner Peter, Victualler, Ball, Broad Lane Turner Samuel, Victualler, Shades, Wine And Spirit Merchant, Turton Thomas, Victualler, Bull'S Head, 36, Duke St. Tyne Sarah, Victualler, Britannhi, 37, Portobello St, Wade Samuel, Victualler, Ball, Broad St. P. Wadingham George, Victualler, Elephant, 83, Norfolk St. Wagstaff William, Victualler, Rodney Arms, Doncaster House, Ward James, Victualler, Devonshire Arms, 2, South St. Ward William, Victualler, Cross Keys, 91, Pea Croft Wardley Isaac, Victualler, Union, Spirit Dealer, 18, Fargate Wash Robert, Victualler, Sir F. Burdett, 9, Pond Hill Watson James, Victualler, Mason'S Arms, 18, Bridge St. Webster Mary, Victualler, Golden Lion, 2, Forge Lane Webster Thomas, Victualler, Blue Boar, 6, Workhouse Lane Whesley ??(Hotge, Victualler, Brown Beat, 34, Norfolk St. White Richard, Victualler, Bricklayers Arms, Jehu Lane Wilby Benjamin, Victualler, Green Man, 7, Broad St. P Wilde George, Victualler, Star, 35, White Croft Wilde Mary, Victualler, Brown Cow, 1, Broad Lane Wilson George, Victualler, Globe, 54, Broad St. P. Wilson Joseph, Victualler, Hague Tree Snow Lane, P. Wilson Thomas, Victualler, Bull, Caver St.
  22. 1830 Publicans Brown Bear , Norfolk Street. George Whaley Brown Cow , 1 Radford Street.George Fearn Brown Cow, 1 Red Croft.Jonathan Gould Brown Cow , 1 Broad Lane. Hiram Lingerd Brown Cow, Bridgehouses.Martin Middlewood. Bull & Oak , Wicker.John Ashforth. Bull's Head, 36 Duke Street.Thomas Turton. Burn's Tavern, Townhead Street. John Cooke Burnt Tree, 40 Hoyle Street. Henry Clarke The Bush, Little Sheffield. Isaac Crookes. The Canning, Norris Fields. George Hardy The Castle , Snig Hill.William Holland The Chequers, 43 Coal Pit Lane.John Clay. The Chequers, Rough Bank, Park. John Stacy The Chequers, 52 Wicker. Elizabeth Wilks. The Chequers, 60 Meadow Street.John Wragg. Posted to A to Z
  23. Remember this list is mainly up to 1951 Pub/Address/Open date (subject to modification)/Number of known keepers Brown Cow/Old Brown Cow 1 Radford Street 1820 30 Shakespeare 146 Gibralter Street 1820 30 Old Light Horseman 155 Penistone Road, Philadelphia 1822 29 Barrel Inn/Fagans (1985) 69 Broad Lane 1820 28 Blue Boar 26 West Bar 1774 28 Fox and Duck 174 Pye Bank 1822 27 Greyhound 185 Gibralter Street, S3 1796 27 Yew Tree Malin Bridge 1825 27 Ball Inn 84 Green Lane 1820 26 Beehive/B-Hive/Rockwells/Foundry & Firkin/Bar S1 240 West Street/Glossop Road 1825 26 Dog and Partridge 56 Trippet Lane 1797 26 Dove and Rainbow 25 Hartshead 1782 26 George and Dragon 96 West Bar 1822 26 Grapes 80 Trippet Lane 1820 26 Hussar/Old Hussar 51 Scotland Street 1816 26 Robin Hood 86 Duke Street, Park, S2 1820 26 Albion Hotel 75 London Road, S2 1833 25 Anvil 24 Waingate 1822 25 Barrel 123 London Road 1820 25 Black Horse/Old Black Horse 180 Upper Allen Street 1822 25 Brown Bear 109 Norfolk Street 1820 25 Gate/Old Gate in 1854 10 Hollis Croft 1820 25 Hare and Hounds 27 Nursery Street 1820 25 Hen and Chickens 3 Castle Green 1820 25 Hermitage 11 London Road, Little Sheffield 1822 25 Saddle/New Saddle 96 West Street 1825 25 Three Cranes 46 Queen Street 1820 25 Anvil 152 South Street, Moor 1820 24 Bull and Mouth/Boulougne Mouth/Tap and Spile/Tap and Barrel 30 Waingate 1790 24 Elephant Vaults 2 Norfolk Street & Market Street 1820 24 Neepsend Tavern 114 Neepsend Lane 1833 24 Queen's Head 660 Attercliffe Road 1822 24 Red Lion 145 Duke Street, Park, S2 1820 24 Rising Sun Little Common, Ecclesall Bierlow 1786 24 Three Tuns 55 Leopold Street/Orchard Street 1822 24 Wellington Inn 222 Main Road, Darnall Road 1822 24 Yellow Lion 12 Haymarket 1787 24 Barleycorn 38 Coal Pit Lane 1795 23 Bay Horse 40 South Street, Moor 1822 23 Bull and Oak/Front Room/Assembly Rooms/Sembly Rooms/Crown and Cushion/Sam Hills Parlour-Bull and Hawk in 1828 76-78 Wicker 1715 23 Cock 59 Hollis Croft 1780 23 Cossack 45 Howard Street 1820 23 Crown/Old Crown/R&B's Uptown Bar 35 Scotland Street 1797 23 Devonshire Arms 23 South Street, Moor 1825 23 Golden Ball Townhead Street 1828 23 Millhouses Hotel 951 Abbeydale Road, Millhouses, S7 1841 23 Old Harrow 34 Harvest Lane 1820 23 Pump Tavern 79 South Street, Moor 1825 23 Queen Adelaide 32 Bramall Lane/1 Hermitage Street, S2 1825 23 Red Lion 109 Charles Street, S1 1820 23 Rock Tavern 20 Dixon Lane 1796 23 ------------------- Ironic to see Shakespeare sharing top spot given what has happened. If we extend the dates beyond 1951, The Shakespeare would surely be top - Jeff Boss 2010 - suppose that makes it top. Any updates gratefully received. -------------------
  24. 1830 Publicans Balloon , 21 Sycamore Street. William Baker Barleycorn , 53 Coal Pit Lane. Edward Middleton Barrack Tavern, Hillfoot. John Saynor. Barrel , Little Sheffield. Edward Allison Barrel , 23 Broad Lane. Mary Ashton Barrel , 5 Water Lane. Francis Chambers Barrel , 21 Pinstone Street. Luke Ellison. Barrel, Attercliffe. George Hobson Barrel, Edward Street. Matthew Lee Barrel , Bridgehouses.Joseph Pearson Barrel, 13 Pond Street.George Robinson Barrel, 112 Duke Street. Thomas Simpson. Barrel, Charles Street.Isaac Wardley Barrel, 26 Hawley Croft. Richard Wilson. Posted to A to Z
  25. In November 1846 the Independent described a variety of street improvements, amongst them: "...gives power to the Commissioners to make the following new streets....5. Baker's hill to Pond street. But this includes a great deal more. Connected with it is the widening of all Jehu lane and about 100 yards of Pond street. The upper or western side of Jehu lane is to come down, so as to turn this narrow lane into a wide street. The new street begins with the Palace Inn and goes forward for about 100 yards, crossing Pond hill just above the end of Little Pond street. Here the widening of Pond street commences. It begins by cutting away a wide belt of property on the upper side, gradually narrowing to a point where the passage leads up to Arundel street. This improvement will give us from the end of Pond street to the north end of the Old Haymarket, a straight street of about 700 yards long." Here is an extract from a letter to the Independent in 1872. There was much debate about the renaming of streets OLD SHEFFIELD STREET NAMES. To the EDITOR - There is as much (possibly more) local history to be gathered from street names which have disappeared, as from those which remain. The following is a list of some of the older names that have vanished, or been altered, or which linger only in the vocabulary of old inhabitants. I give their modern equivalents so far as I know them :—Brinsworth’s (or Brentsworth’s) Orchard (Orchard street), Townhead cross, Blind or Hollin lane (Holly street), Truelove’s gutter, (Castle street) China (now Cheney) square, Longstone lane, Church yard, Bull stake (Old Haymarket), Jehu lane (late Commercial street), Hermitage Bowling green, Banks, Irish cross Cross street, Isle, Cleeham, Bowling green. Petticoat lane, Norfold, Old Waterhouse. Pond Well hill, Saint Pavers (Sands Paviours), Parkgate, Pinstone Croft lane (Pinstone street), Lambert knot Scotland street), Lambert croft (Lambert street , Town mill, Hick’s-stile held (entrance to Paradise square from Campo lane), Lombard street, Figg lane (Figtree -lane), Barn street, Workhouse croft (Paradise street), The Underwater. The White Rails (Nursery street), Colston crofts (Colson street and Bridge street), Batten row, Holy croft, New Peascroft (Pea croft), New Church side, Vicarage croft (Vicar lane), Red croft (Redhill), Bailey field, Sycamorehill (Tudor st.) Of course more modern changes which have even yet hardly obtained foot·hold among us - Cambridge street instead of Coal pit lane, Brunswick road for Tomcross lane, and the disestablishment of Tudor street, Little Sheffield, (which in its turn had displaced Gaol street) by Thomas street. The changes from croft to lane, or from lane to street, are perhaps hardly worth recording. It may be noticed, however, that often the word street was formerly omitted altogether. Thus: Portobello, Gibraltar, Scotland, Ponds. The old directories contain manifold variation in spelling. Thus Hollis croft frequently appears as Holles croft, Colson croft, Colston, and so on.