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  1. 5 points
    Hi all, so glad I found this site, so much history in one place. I was born at walkley in 65, moved to Bubwith rd Brightside where my mum was born and grandparents lived. From there we lived in a cottage in Roe Woods, my dad became one of the first 6 park patrollers, on motorbikes, in Sheffield while at Roe Wood. From there we moved to Shiregreen where mum still lives. Dad was born at the bottom end of Bellhouse rd. Have lived in a few places in Sheffield and now 20 years in Chesterfield. Looking forward to reading lots more and to dig up some of my own memories and photos to share with everyone. :-))
  2. 3 points
    Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12
  3. 3 points
    For your information the letters on the bridge BB & JH refer to Benjamin Blonk and John Huntsman. Blonk Street was so called because when it was made the "tilt" shown on the map on the river side of Blonk St.was "The Wicker ***" belonging to the Blonk Family. On the other side of Blonk St. was "The Wicker Wheel" also belonging to the Blonk Family. You will also see a third grinding shop belonging to the Blonks at the end of the dam to the right of "Blonk Island". Later on John Huntsman had a Huntsman Melting Furnace at the end of the Wicker Tilt building. If you look through the large window nearest to Blonk Bridge you will see the chimney of the Huntsman furnace preserved as a monument. Remember the old Sheffield saying "Down T'Wicker were t'water goes o'er t'weir" the weir on the upstream side of Ladys Bridge diverted water to the Wicker Tilt and Wicker Wheel. I learnt all about this by carrying out research for descendants of this branch of the Blonk family who live in Australia. My Blonk family come from a later branch of the Blonk family
  4. 3 points
    I've read somewhere that the flats that face Lady's bridge and Nursery Street were originally called Castle House, the windows just above the river was where the dogs were kept when it was a Dogs Home when it re-located there from the Pond Street area in c1900 I think , it wasn't used for long as it was always damp because of the river often flooding the place. The ornamental front door was the entrance and you can still make out the name. At the end of the walk on Blonk Street bridge you can see the initials of one of the men who ran the stables there plus possibly the vets initials too, the chap that owned and ran the stables also had stabling and shoeing available at 30-36 Burton Road now known as the Yellow Arch Recording Studios but the Horseshoe above the arch tells just what it was .
  5. 2 points
    Eva Darwent, daughter of Francis Inman and Florence Darwent was born on 22nd July 1903 and baptised at Carbrook. Her grandfather Frank was an experienced publican (Hare and Hounds Bradfield 1871, Sportsman's Inn, Stannington in 1873, Commercial Hotel, Tinsley 1895) and died in 1895 at the Commercial Hotel, but was buried in Stannington. His son, also Francis Inman Darwent (born 1873 died 1940) went on to run the Commercial Hotel and was Eva's father. F.I. Darwent number 3 was born in 1895 but died the following year, F.I.Darwent number 4 was born in 1911 and died in 1951) George Salt son of William and Mary Jane Salt was born on 3rd October 1900. His father William was licensee of the Pheasant from 1908 to 1922 They married on 30th July 1923 In 1939 Eva was running a sweetshop at 661 Attercliffe Common Eva died on 14th February 1969 at her shop at 661 Attercliffe Common, not far from the junction with Weedon Street. Possibly this was the shop from where she sold drinks?
  6. 2 points
    As recently promised I have extracted the information relevant to Sheffield City Police contained in copies of some early Police Almanacs that I recently had passed to me. The early editions of the Almanac gave very little information in relation to the city and borough forces in a lot of cases, and sadly Sheffield was no exception in this respect. Where there was no change in the information from the previous year I have not repeated it. Note that until 1869, the chief officer was known as the Head Constable, a common feature of early borough/city police forces at that period. 1858: Force strength was 132 to serve a population of 135,310. 1859: The Head Constable was Thomas Raynor, up to January 1859 when John Jackson took up the post. The force strength had increased to 191. 1862: Head Constable - John Jackson. Population - 185,157. Force strengh - 191. 1863: Force strength - 215 1864: Force strength - 230 1865: Force strength - 240 1866: Force strength - 245 1867: Head Constable - John Jackson. Chief Clerk - M.T. England. Force strength - 250 1868: Force strength - 260 1869: Chief Constable - John Jackson. Chief Clerk - J. England. Inspectors - J. Rodgers; J. Wilson; F. Otter. Force strength - 280 1901: Population - 324,243 Force strength - 465. Chief Constable - Commander Charles T. Scott. Deputy Chief Constable - George Mackley, Esq. Town Clerk - Henry Sayer, Esq. Magistrates Clerk - C.E. Vickers, Esq. Inspector Weights & Measures - G.W. Catchpole. Coroner - D. Wightman, Esq. Warrant Officer - Superintendent J. Gilley. Chief Clerk - Superintendent G.H. Barker. Fire Brigade - Superintendent W. Frost. Superintendent Detective Department - J.M. Moody. Central Division - Inspector M. Bridgeman. Attercliffe Division - Inspector G. Moore. Brightside Division - Detective Inspector W. Smith. Broomhill Division - Detective Inspector C. Thompson. Ecceshall Division - Detective Inspector W. Jackson. Walkley Division - Detective Inspector J. Goodwin The first Head Constable, Thomas Raynor was appointed in 1844, on the formation of the Sheffield Borough Police, as it was known as at that time. John Jackson, appointed as Head Constable on 1st January 1859, was to serve until 1898. Commander Charles T. Scott was appointed as Chief Constable in December 1898, and served in this role until 1912.
  7. 2 points
    This morning I went under Bramall Lane Bridge and investigated further. The far end of the bridge's route (now under the Decathlon car park) is 100 metres from the Staples car park end already shown on this thread (the measurements are marked along the way to aid workmen). I post pictures of the other end of the bridge and an outflow inside the culvert that I think was originally from the Vulcan works dam and water power site. Although I'm happy to be wrong again
  8. 2 points
    Hi Syrup Thank you for the news article clipping. It's very tantalising close apart from one minor detail the name in the article states G Lyon not J Lyon. However, the date and stables are spot on which leads me to believe Joseph Lyon worked at Sheffield Tramway Company. Joseph (27) married Emma(22) in 1869, the two witnesses are George (53) & Ann Lyon (55). His father is named Thomas so judging by the age gap George is probably Joseph's uncle. They come from a farming background in Lincolnshire so working together with horses makes sense. In 1883 George would have been aged 67 hence the article (oldest servant) makes it more probable that it was presented to George rather than Joseph, who was only 41 at that time. Joseph died (unknown) not long after aged just 44 and was buried at Heeley Christ Church on 2nd Jan 1887. So another connection to the article (he is now going to Heeley). I can only assume that the inscriber perhaps made an unlikely error with the initial on the trophy? I can't find a record of George & Ann having children hence the trophy must have been passed down to one of Joseph's two sons. I did find a very interesting post on this site on the STC and will make contact to see if any employee records still survive and hopefully will provide the proof that George & Joseph did work together. https://www.sheffieldhistory.co.uk/forums/topic/154-sheffield-trams/ Again thanks for the clipping. John O.
  9. 2 points
    If my memory serves me well, it doesn't usually, I seem to remember that it was used as a stand for milk churns awaiting collection. I may possibly remember a fellow miscreant trying to get one of the lids off to quench a thirst but if pressed I would plead the UK version of the fifth amendment
  10. 2 points
    It really frustrates me that not enough is known about Sheffield Castle. We don't really seem to have any information at all on this place considering what an important Sheffield structure it was. Sheffield Castle is still an enigma. Why is that?
  11. 2 points
    modern 'journalism' at its finest. Hide behind youtube and stir some s***. It brought the city together, made us very proud to be sheffielders and remembered the lads who paid the ultimate sacrifice. who plants the bedding plants and sweeps up from time to time is of little or no consequence. I dont see what youre trying to achieve by posting it to be honest.
  12. 2 points
    Anyone living in any of these houses may be interested in this postcard on Ebay. ------------------- https://www.ebay.co.uk/itm/173604248815?ul_noapp=true Google Street View -------https://www.google.co.uk/maps/@53.3837307,-1.4973794,3a,75y,81.23h,90.51t/data=!3m6!1e1!3m4!1s24w0G3NbxJMMlYOd7eyZgw!2e0!7i13312!8i6656?hl=en
  13. 2 points
    Probably of no interest to anyone else, but one of the photos here shows the location of my Dad’s bench, sited and dedicated to his memory for almost twenty years now...
  14. 2 points
  15. 2 points
    Was down at Crich last week. 510 was being moved late in the afternoon and is looking very smart.
  16. 2 points
    This is a recommendation for a book available from Amazon (£8 well spent) - an edited and updated version (with corrections and new information and pictures) of James Hayton Stainton's "Past Chapters in Sheffield History". It was originally published in 1918 for the benefit of prisoners of war. It's very good on old street layouts and especially the background to the High Street widening. There is a "Look Inside" feature on the Amazon site that allows skinflints to read some of its pages: Past Chapters in Sheffield History - Amazon Link
  17. 2 points
    There was a pub called the Rising Sun on Hunshelf Road at Stocksbridge directly across the road from the billet mill. In the billet mill large ingots were rolled at yellow heat down into blooms of say up to 4" plus square, and then cut up on a hot saw into lengths to suit the customers. In an early application of technology the blooms were measured for length and a very early computer made by Elliot Automation determined the best cuts to make out of a given length to suit the various customers. The computer use first generation germanium transistors and had a 1K magnetic core store for it's memory. The pub was obviously very (too) convenient for the parched workforce and I was told the Fox's had bought out the licence and closed and demolished the pub in 1967. My connection with this came in the early nineteen seventies when I parked my A35 van (Wallace & Gromit Mobile) on the cleared ground of the pub in order to carry out the " Redex Treatment". This consisted of running around until the engine was hot, parking up, removing the air filter; and pouring a can full of Redex engine detergent/cleaner into the top of the carb. This was supposed to clear the valve stems and piston rings and restore performance. It also produced huge quantities of black smoke. When I started this procedure I had failed to notice the large billet mill high voltage substation downwind just a few yards away. I'd also forgotten that large substations often used photo-electric ray fire detection in case of fire in the oil-filled switchgear. I'd just got about half the can of Redex in the engine and couldn't see a hand in front of my face when there was a loud bang from the substation and the loud whine from the billet mill opposite wound down to a worrying silence. The penny dropped ! I flung the air filter inside the car, shut down the bonnet and was speeding back down the hill in the opposite direction to where I knew the high voltage gang would be approaching within about ten seconds. My stealthy departure was not helped by a smoke trail that the Red Arrows would have been proud of. I think I got away with it 'so don't tell anyone. hilldweller.
  18. 2 points
  19. 2 points
    The demolition of Sheffield in the 1960's, 1970's & 1980's a blaze was the sky with fires from the demolition sites there were only a few known Sheffield Companies at the time A.D.H Demolition Limited (contracted to Sheffield Council) A. Whites Demoliiton Ltd Childs Demolition Ltd Demex Ltd J. Whites Ltd and later T.D.E (Rotherham) (ancestors of A. Whites demolition) i remember as an only child going with my parents to the demolition sites, i remember the black sooty days crooks moor was ablaze with fires and being situated on a hill you could look across Sheffield and see other contractors lighting the sky. The forgotten demolition men and woman contractors that made Adolf Hitler assault on sheffield oblivious. The Sheffield Council pillaged property with compulsory purchase took peoples homes and business for pittance of monies, i remember sometimes wed pull houses down leaving the odd one still standing whilst the owners or tenants were fighting for their legal rights to stay or be given a better deal. Sheffield Council insisted on the demolition of what we would see today as historical buildings but to the council they was drab, nuisance and needed to be pulled down our sheffield architecture of centuries past were stone masons are not of what is today ended up a pile of rubble and down the tip it went. Odd pieces will have survived and relocated without knowing and the next generation losing site. I know the red set that lay on the floor in kelham island were taken from the Sheffield Abattoir and re laid in the museum yet a piece of history is lost again and no mention of where they arrived from they just part of the decor of the museum yet in truth is part of a bigger history. i attach a stone fireplace my parents built in a property still in the sheffield area, the new owners of that property will never know the history of that house or where that huge fireplace with its ornate archway came from. The archway formed the door way to the GAS HOUSE on commercial Street its were you paid your account (its historic significance to Sheffield is when sheffield turned from Candle Light to Gas. i attach another photo of a font that was part of the St josephs convent, common side htpp://www.yorkshirefilmarchive.com/film/environmental-health-part-park-hill-slums-1-5 I'm hoping a log can be made on this site for anyone to upload demolition photographs and maybe if theres any demolition men left that worked on these site can contribute before history is lost. I was a fortunate person i know much of sheffield i lived the era and a breathed it with my family. Im trying to see if we can make a single page where all the data of the lost (demolished) can be found, before it is too late. I want to see what the public holds before i update this site again with All the 1000 pictures and documents i hold of Sheffield
  20. 2 points
    171 on corner of Alfred Street and Dane Street https://www.old-maps.co.uk/#/Map/437500/389500/13/101329
  21. 2 points
    I remember as a child in the '70s being so proud of that fountain because my Dad had told me that it had been made (partially at least) at Bramahs, which he worked at as a fabricator for some years Cant honestly remember if Dad had actually had anything to do with its construction, but in my head 'My Dad made that!', and I told anyone that would listen !
  22. 2 points
    Picture Sheffield gives date as 22 July 1961 ( spot on boginspro!) which was a Saturday. The AEC Regent III - VWJ 541 was one of nine Roe bodied vehicles out of 85 AEC's delivered in 1956/57 for tram replacement services, seen here on Route 24 to Tinsley. Used to love the smell of Ground coffee which drifted out of Davy's.
  23. 2 points
    A stunning bit of film. Anyone seen this before?http://www.yorkshirefilmarchive.com/film/environmental-health-part-park-hill-slums-1-5
  24. 2 points
    Not sure if we already have a drinking fountain thread, but this image posted by Aiden Stones on his Twitter account is fantastic. It shows the drinking fountain that was at the junction of Gibraltar St, Allen St and Bowling Green Street, and todays view from Moorfileds facing towards Penistone Rd.. https://twitter.com/OldSheffield
  25. 2 points
    One of my husband's hobbies is collecting transport tickets, and occasionally in the bits of paper he buys something interesting turns up, such as this one. It is a ticket for the City Clopper, a horse bus which operated in the city in the early 1980s: I remember reading about the horse bus but I wasn't living in Sheffield at the time and I don't think I ever saw it operating. A short film about the service:
  26. 2 points
  27. 2 points
    If you follow the supertram which is blurred above to the road, is where the church would have been. Possibly where the big tree is now. Also I note that Midland Station has now lost it's first foot bridge.
  28. 2 points
    Hi Folks, I wrote a new blog about seeing I'm So Hollow at Romeo's & Juliet's in February 1981. Link - http://www.mylifeinthemoshofghosts.com/2017/08/26/im-so-hollow-atmosphere-at-romeos-juliets-bank-street-sheffield-wednesday-11th-february-1981/ Enjoy. Dodger
  29. 1 point
    Hi boginspro, went to investigate the area of the well & pump for you. Re your 2nd photo:- just over the short bit of wall, a few feet down the pathway, among the grass & weeds, are 2 tall black pipes. One has a top on it, that is obviously to screw off to inspect something. Standing at that point with a copy of old photo in-hand, I think it could have been the location. I have left it with my friend up there, to try and get more info from the residents for you.
  30. 1 point
    Hello no spoons for me again today. Not all bad though. What do you think? The blades on these scissors are about 3 inches long. We see the "I.XL" mark clearly. On the the other side of the blade pivot area is a less clear mark that I believe says that the scissors are chromium plated.I supose dating the scissors is difficult, but they may well be from the same period as "SteveHB's" Kelly directories ad. Kalfred
  31. 1 point
    Circa 1890 map. https://www.old-maps.co.uk/index.html#/Map/435973/387740/13/100453
  32. 1 point
  33. 1 point
    It's a pretty good comparison. It's also nice to think that Robin was a Yorkshire lad.
  34. 1 point
  35. 1 point
    trouble is seen many great bands in there under both proper names, i'll have to say the black boardwalk
  36. 1 point
    Attercliffe Pavilion Cinema, Attercliffe Common, 16/09/1972, and an opportunity to get your dentures repaired whilst watching the latest film release. Happy New Year Everyone.
  37. 1 point
    Have a look at Carmel House on Fargate and just look at the carvings of the creation of the world by the Tory family.
  38. 1 point
    Just wanted to make people aware, if you’re researching the Staniforth surname there is a new society, the people behind this group are very knowledgeable and have spent time with the Archives and people from the family history group to bring this together: Http://www.staniforthfamily.com
  39. 1 point
    Any one got any pictures of Alfred road ?? Esp 171 my great great grandad Fredrick smith lived there in the 1880's..he would have been in his 30's and worked in the iron works.
  40. 1 point
    When I'm doing my articles, I look through Sheffield Directories from 1780 to 1911 not consecutive I might add, but you see place and street names spelt different, Broomhill, was Broom Hill, Ringinglow was Ringinglowe, there's plenty more but not having the directories at had these two are just an example. It really annoys me when names that have been used for years are altered for no good reason.
  41. 1 point
    Haymarket Sheffield City Centre Was Haymarket really this busy back in the day? It looks packed! Is this normal shopping day or do you think it was a special occasion?
  42. 1 point
    i know people have tried to locate the Howard Hotel that was on walkley it was near birkendale view,
  43. 1 point
    A fascinating video all about Sheffield Castle and the history of the city
  44. 1 point
    I have just watched the film , what brilliant memories it has brought back of a mucky owd City who's citizens loved the more simple pleasures available at that time, cheers .
  45. 1 point
    Join David Templeman for a fascinating look into the origins of central Sheffield street names through images, maps and text. Hear how the town’s rural roots are still remembered and journey back through Tudor, Medieval times and beyond to discover where the street names originated. Mon 9 October 2017 - 10:30 – 11:30 Carpenter Room Sheffield Central Library Surrey Street Sheffield S1 1XZ Tickets - https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/a-history-of-sheffield-street-names-tickets-36895704044
  46. 1 point
    Dam Lane was next to Summer Street on the enumerators walk. Summer Street still exists. Put it into Google and it'll bring up a map. I suspect that Dam Lane was lost when they built Winter Street Hospital, but I could be wrong. However, Dam Lane was certainly in the Winter Street and Summer Street area.
  47. 1 point
    We used to call in sometimes when it was on a pub crawl route. This would be in the early seventies, very basic inside with nothing to shout about. Certainly not the glamour pub but a working mans hangout. I remember being a patient in the Royal hospital opposite in 1977 and the ward overlooked the pub. I used to look out and think, I wonder if I could sneak out and have a quick pint. I bet it had been done before.
  48. 1 point
    The Church hall was much smaller than this, it's entrance was on Baseldene Rd, looks more like the Vicarage
  49. 1 point
    Osbert was my great great uncle, though I never met him, but passed the shop on hundreds of occasions without knowing he was a relative. Osbert Skinner was born on 19th August 1885, and baptised 7th October at Highfield, the 5th and youngest son of Charles Skinner. In 1891 Osbert was living with his parents at 24 South Street Moor. He was a watchmaker by 1901, at South Street working for Charles. His older brother Arthur was a keen cyclist (he was financial secretary of the Upperthorpe Cycling Club in 1892) and passed on his enthusiasm to Osbert. In July 1893 the Independent published an advert selling a cycle: "Referee, Clincher pneumatic, splendid condition, balls throughout including head, very little used. Skinner, Jeweller, Sheffield moor" and in 1895: "Before buying machine call and see '95 pattern new patent detachable Brake: best value in Sheffield Skinner Jewellers, Sheffield moor". In 1907 Osbert rode an unpaced race from Sheffield to Bridlington gaining a gold medal in a time of 5h 16min. The book of 1908 says this was his first appearance in the medals. He also won a gold standard medal for 50 miles on the road in 2h 52min 12 secs. in 1907. In 1908 he set a district record of 189 3/4 miles for a 12 hour time trial, and a district record of 2h 35 for 50 miles. This would appear to make him the 1st winner of the "Sharrow 50". As well as these 2 gold medals he also won a gold watch for the best performance of the year and a gold chain for the 25 mile club handicap. The 25 mile handicap may still have been a track race at Bramhall Lane as mass start road racing was strictly taboo with the police at this time. In 1911 Osbert was an own account Watchmaker living at 54 St Marys Road with parents Charles and Ada. On Sunday 4th June 1911 Osbert lost control of his bicycle coming down Baslow Hill and stayed at the Wheat Sheaf Inn recovering for three days (see newspaper cutting. Whites Directory of 1911 shows him at 112 Ecclesall Road. Osbert married Antonie Ferdinandine Friedrichsen on 12th September 1912 at St Augustines. Antonie was born in German South America in 1888, the daughter of a widowed German Sausage Skin Dealer Ernst Friedrichsen, in 1911 living at 61 Ranby Road, Endcliffe, but at 20 Cowlishaw Road at the time of the marriage. Their son Ernest Osbert was born on 3rd February 1915, and he died aged 88 on 6th May 2003 at 23 Hoober Avenue (a jeweller). Osbert enlisted in the Royal Flying Corps on 9th February 1917. He was an Instrument Repairer and Wireless Mechanic with 101 Squadron, serving in France from January 1918. No 101 Squadron formed at Farnborough as part of the Royal Flying Corps on 12 July 1917 and was deployed to the Western Front in August as a night bombing unit equipped with F.E.2b aircraft. Its main task was to carry out night attacks on German railheads and airfields. The Squadron flew during the battles of 3rd Ypres in 1917, and throughout the 1918 German Spring offensives on the Somme before supporting the final allied attacks on the Hindenburg Line. Before his transfer to the R.A.F. from the R.F.C. his rank was A. Mech. 2, Trade:- Instr. Repairer, and once in the RAF Air Mechanic 3rd Class (Inst Repairer), His pay was 2s. 0d. Terms of Enlistment:- Duration of War . In March 1919 the squadron returned to the UK and it was disbanded on 31 December 1919. The last known entry in the telephone book for Osberts Watchmaking business was 1978 - he was aged 93. His wife Antonie died on 8th February 1978 and Osbert died 3 weeks later on 5th March 1978, leaving £55,463 to his son Ernest, who was living at 112 Ecclesall Road. Ernest was still running the business in 1982 where he was photographed by Sheffield Newspapers, possibly on his retirement.
  50. 1 point
    Pre-Norman invasion Iron Age: Brigantes constructed forts at Wincobank and Carl Wark, and the Roman Rig dyke. c55: A Roman fort was constructed at Templeborough. Early 9th century: The Sheffield Cross, an Anglo-Saxon cross was made. It is thought that this was erected on the (future) site of Sheffield Cathedral. 829: According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, King Egbert of Wessex received the submission of King Eanred of Northumbria to at the hamlet of Dore (now a suburb of Sheffield). 942: Edmund I of England re-conquered the Midlands, as far as Dore. 1000–1099 1046: A chapel was built on Carter Knowle at Ecclesall. 1069/70: Any settlements in the Sheffield area were likely destroyed in the harrying of the North. 1076: Waltheof, 1st Earl of Northampton and Lord of the manor of Hallam, was executed. 1100–1199 c1100: William de Lovetot founded a church on the (future) site of Sheffield Cathedral. c1150: William de Lovetot built a castle in Sheffield. He also had the first Lady's Bridge built, established a corn mill and hospital in the town, and founded St Mary's church at nearby Handsworth (now a suburb of the city). 1176 (or 1183): Beauchief Abbey was established 4 miles southwest of the town of Sheffield in Beauchief. 1200–1299 c1200: Metalworking began at Abbeydale Industrial Hamlet. 1266: A party of barons, led by John de Eyvill, marching from north Lincolnshire to Derbyshire passed through Sheffield and destroyed the town, burning the church and castle. c1250: Church House at Handsworth (now the Cross Keys public house) was built. c1270: A large stone castle was built to replace the wooden castle destroyed in 1266. c1280: A new church was consecrated by William II Wickwane the Archbishop of York. 1296: Sheffield was granted a royal charter to hold a weekly market and an annual fair. The first reference to Sheffield's Town Mill appears. 1297: "Robert the Cutler" is recorded in a tax return, the earliest surviving reference to the manufacture of cutlery in Sheffield. 1300–1399 c1387: Geoffrey Chaucer in The Reeve’s Tale from his book The Canterbury Tales gave an early reference to Sheffield and the metal industry for which the town would become famous. 1400–1499 1430: The 1280 parish church was pulled down and replaced with a new building, the core of the present cathedral. c1434: "Barker's Pool", Sheffield's first reservoir, was constructed. Once a month the reservoir gates were opened allowing water to wash the filth from the towns streets (with open sewers along their centres) into the River Don. c1480: The "The hawle at the Poandes" (now the Old Queen's Head public house) was built. 1485: Lady's Bridge was replaced with a new stone-built bridge, still in existence. 1500–1599 c1500: Bishops' House was built. c1510: The fourth Earl of Shrewsbury, George Talbot built the Manor Lodge outside the town. 1520: The Shrewsbury Chapel was added to Sheffield Parish Church. 1530: Cardinal Wolsey, following his arrest, was detained at the Manor Lodge for 18 days. 1537: Beauchief Abbey was dissolved, the estate becoming the property of Sir Nicholas Strelley. 1570: Mary Queen of Scots began her 14-year imprisonment at Sheffield Castle and the Manor Lodge, under the guard of George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury 1584: Shepherd Wheel was passed to the sons of William Beighton in his will. 1600–1699 1621: Carbrook Hall was built. 1624: The Company of Cutlers in Hallamshire was formed to oversee the cutlery trade in the town. 1630: Attercliffe Chapel was built. 1638: The Company of Cutlers in Hallamshire erect the first Cutlers' Hall. 1642–1651: The English Civil Wars: 1642: The people of Sheffield seized Sheffield Castle for the Parliamentarians 1643: The castle was taken by Royalist forces. 1648: After a long siege the castle was once again taken by Parliamentarian forces, and an Act of Parliament passed for its demolition. 1700–1799 1700: Upper Chapel, the first non-conformist chapel in the city, was built. 1721: St Paul's Church is built as a chapel-of-ease to the parish church. 1736: The first buildings in Paradise Square are constructed. 1740s: Benjamin Huntsman, a clock maker in Handsworth invented a form of the crucible steel process for making a better quality of steel than had previously been available. 1743: Thomas Boulsover, working in Sheffield, invented "Sheffield plate". 1751: River Don Navigation extended to Tinsley. 1756: An Act of Parliament undertakes to turnpike the road south from Sheffield, to Chesterfield and London. c1769: Britannia metal was invented in Sheffield, originally being known as "Vickers white metal". 1771: Paradise Square is completed. 1773: Sheffield was given a silver assay office. c1775: The Duke of Norfolk commissioned plans for a new quarter, to be constructed on Alsop Fields. 1779: John Wesley preached in Paradise Square on 15 July. 1797: Sheffield Royal Infirmary opened. 1800–1899 1805: A new nave was added to the parish church. 1808: The small town hall that had stood near the parish church was replaced with a new building at the corner of Waingate and Castle Street. 1819: Sheffield Canal opened. 1832: A cholera epidemic claimed 402 lives in the town, later commemorated by the Cholera Monument. 1832: Sheffield gained representation in the House of Commons as a Parliamentary Borough 1836: Sheffield Botanical Gardens and Sheffield General Cemetery opened. 1838: A new Cutlers' Hall was built, forming the core of the current building. 1838: The first railway station in Sheffield, Sheffield Wicker station, opened on 31 October as the southern terminus of the Sheffield and Rotherham Railway. 1843: Sheffield was incorporated as a municipal borough. 1848: The Roman Catholic Church of St Marie (later a cathedral) was completed. 1848: The Wicker Arches were constructed. 1848: The parish of Sheffield was subdivided into smaller parishes. 1851: Sheffield Victoria Station opened on 15 September. 1855: Bramall Lane opened as a cricket ground. 1857: Sheffield F.C., the oldest football club in the world among those that have played, or do play, Association football (soccer), was founded. 1858: Sheffield Trades and Labour Council founded as the "Sheffield Association of Organised Trades". 1860: Hallam F.C. was founded. 1864: The Great Sheffield flood devastated large parts of the town, killing 270 people. 1864: By-laws were passed prohibiting the construction of back-to-back housing in the town. 1866: The United Kingdom Alliance of Organised Trades, a forerunner of the Trades Union Congress (TUC), was founded in Sheffield . 1867: The Sheffield Football Association founded 1867: Sheffield Wednesday F.C. was founded. 1870: Midland Main Line extension from Chesterfield to Sheffield opened, with the new terminus at Sheffield Midland station. 1873: The first trams ran in Sheffield. 1878: The first ever floodlit football match was played at Bramall Lane on 14 October. 1885: The Mappin Art Gallery opened. 1889: Sheffield United F.C. was founded. 1893: A Royal Charter granted the municipal borough of Sheffield the style and title of "city". 1897: The University of Sheffield was established. 1897: A new town hall was opened on Pinstone Street, the old building subsequently being used as the county court. 1897: The Lyceum Theatre opened. 1899: Hillsborough Stadium opened. 1900–1999 1913: Stainless steel was invented by Harry Brearley whilst working at the Brown Firth Laboratories in Sheffield. 1914: Sheffield became a diocese of the Church of England, and the parish church became a cathedral. 1919: Sheffield City Council began building council houses, mostly to the north and east of the city centre. 1926: The Labour Party first took control of the city council. 1934: Sheffield City Hall completed. 1934/35: Districts formerly in Derbyshire including Beauchief, Dore, Totley, Norton, and Woodseats were annexed by Sheffield. 1938: St Paul's Church was demolished to make way for an extension to the Town Hall. The extension was never built, and the site subsequently became the Peace Gardens. 1940: The "Sheffield Blitz"—heavy bombing over the nights of 12 December and 15 December led to the loss of over 660 lives, and the destruction of numerous buildings. 1955–1961: Park Hill flats were built. 1955–1962: The Gleadless Valley estate was built. 1965 The University of Sheffield Arts Tower was completed. 1971: The Crucible Theatre opened. 1974: The Local Government Act of 1972 led to the formation of the Metropolitan borough of Sheffield. 1974: Sheffield Parkway was opened. 1977: The "eggbox" extension to the Town Hall was built. 1979: The Royal Hallamshire Hospital opened. 1980: The Roman Catholic Diocese of Hallam was created with the Church of St Marie as its Cathedral. 1988: The Sheffield Development Corporation was established. 1989: The Hillsborough disaster—96 Liverpool F.C. fans were crushed to death at Hillsborough Stadium. 1990: The Meadowhall shopping centre opened. 1990: The Don Valley Stadium opened. 1991: Sheffield Arena and Ponds Forge opened. 1991: Sheffield hosted the World Student Games. 1994: The first section of the Sheffield Supertram network was opened. 1997: The Gatecrasher nightclub moved to Sheffield. 1997: The film The Full Monty (set in Sheffield) was released. 2000–present 2001: The Millennium Galleries opened. 2003: The Winter Gardens opened on the site of the 1977 Town Hall extension.
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